THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, "I HAVE LEFT BEHIND ME TWO THINGS: IF YOU CLING TO THEM, YOU WILL NEVER GO ASTRAY. THEY ARE THE BOOK OF ALLAH (THE QUR'AN) AND MY SUNNAH" (AL-HAAKIM)
The optional fasts are as follows. They are arranged in order of the best fasting after Ramadan.
1) Every second day (fasting of Dawud ‘alayhi salam)
2) Mondays and Thursdays
3) The white days of every lunar month
4) Day of ‘Aashoora
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) instructed the ummah to fast on these days before the obligatory fasting in Ramadan was prescribed in the second year after hijrah (migration to Madinah). After the command to fast in Ramadan was revealed, all the above fasts became optional and the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “He who fasts the month of Ramadan and follows it with six days from Shawwal, will be rewarded as if fasting for the whole year.” [Muslim] The words “from Shawwal” mean that a person can fast any six days of Shawwal and does not have to fast six days consecutively.
Note: The sisters are advised that they should not be stingy when making up the fasts that they owe from Ramadan; rather, if they fast the six days of Shawwal, they should do so with the niyya of gaining reward for fasting the entire year and then they should make up the fasts that they missed in Ramadan. ‘Aaisha (radiyAllahu ‘anha) said, “Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan, but could not fast in lieu of them (make them up) except in the month of Sha'ban.”
The following are ahadith related to the optional fasts mentioned above:
1) Every second day (fasting of Dawud ‘alayhi salam): The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The most beloved prayer to Allah was the prayer of Dawud (‘alayhi salam) and the most beloved of fasting to Allah was that of Dawud; he used to sleep half the night, stand for a third of it and sleep a sixth of it; and he would fast a day and not fast the next.” [Bukhari]
2) Mondays and Thursdays: It was narrated that ‘Aaishah (radiyAllahu ‘anha) said: The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was keen to fast on Mondays and Thursdays. [Tirmidhi, al-Nasaa’i, Ibn Maajah, al-Albaani]
3) The white days of every lunar month: The white days are the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth of every lunar month. They are called “white days” because the moon is full on these dates and the light becomes strong, which makes the night bright, especially in the desert.
Abu Hurayra (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) said, "My friend (Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) ordered me to do three things: to fast three days every month, to pray the two rak'ahs of Duha and to pray the witr before sleeping." [Agreed upon]
4) Day of ‘Aashoora
When the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) arrived in Madinah, he found that the Jews there fasted on the 10th of Muharram and asked them the reason for their fasting on this day. They said," This is a blessed day. On this day Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy (in Egypt) and so Prophet Musa [Moses] fasted on this day giving thanks to Allah." The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, "We are closer to Musa than you are." He fasted on that day and commanded Muslims to fast on this day [Bukhari]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If I am still alive next year, I will certainly fast the ninth.” [Muslim]
Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) said: “He meant, along with the tenth.”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said that he would fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram if he lived until the next year to be different from the Jews. Thus, according to scholars, you may choose to fast ‘Aashoora on three days (ninth, tenth, and eleventh); two days (ninth and tenth); or one day only (the tenth).
The following year, Allah commanded the Muslims to fast the month of Ramadan, and the fasting of ‘Aashoora became optional.
Note: The following website is credited for the explanation of fasting on the day of ‘Aashoora in this article: http://www.islamicity.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=IO0801-3489
And Allah knows best.
Question: What is the difference between the two names of Allah, ar-Rahmaan and ar-Raheem?
Answer: Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Ar-Rahmaan is the Owner of vast mercy, because the fa'laan form in Arabic indicates vastness and abundance, as it is said rajul ghadbaan (a very angry man) when he is filled with anger. Ar-Raheem is a name which refers to the action, as the fa'eel form refers to the doer of an action.” [Sharh al-'Aqeedah al-Waasitiyyah, 1/22]
Therefore ar-Rahmaan means “the full of mercy” and ar-Raheem means “the giver of mercy.”
A human being can be Raheem, but can never be Rahmaan because we run out of mercy, while Allah (subhanahu wa ta’aala) never does.
Abu Hurairah (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) reported: the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah has divided mercy into one hundred parts; and He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down to earth one part. Through this one part creatures deal with one another with compassion, so much so that an animal lifts its hoof over its young lest it should hurt it.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Another narration is: the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah has one hundred mercies, out of which He has sent down only one for jinn, mankind, animals and insects, through which they love one another and have compassion for one another; and through it, wild animals care for their young. Allah has retained ninety-nine mercies to deal kindly with His slaves on the Day of Resurrection.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
And Allah knows best.
Answered by Brother Ali (hafidhahullah)
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After the Creator, Allah, we owe our biological parents our existence. We also owe them mercy, love, and respect because they raised us when we were young. Allah has decreed that we worship none but Him and behave excellently towards our parents. We must never say “uff” to them, nor should our actions/words imply the meaning of “uff,” such as talking to them harshly or in a raised tone of voice. No rudeness of any form is allowed when dealing with parents. Communication is not simply the words we utter but also the body language that accompanies those words. Hence, utmost care must be taken to ensure that we do not transgress the limits of Allah. We must be humble and merciful in our dealings with our parents. Allah teaches us a beautiful dua in the Qur’an that we should make for our parents: “Rabbir-hamhuma kamaa rabbayaani sagheera,” "My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small." Allah mentions the struggle of the mother in the Qur’an and urges every person to be grateful to Allah and to his/her parents. In this entire world, it is your mother who is entitled to the most excellent treatment from you. Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) told a man who came for jihad in the path of Allah to return back to his parents and serve them because they required his services. Allah honored Uways al Qarni (rahimahullah) for his excellent treatment towards his mother: the messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) instructed Umar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) to ask Uways al Qarni (rahimahullah) to make dua for his forgiveness if he met him. It is a major sin to be disrespectful to one’s parents. We are gifts from Allah to our parents. Parents can do whatever they want with their gifts in a halal way (permissible in the sight of Allah). The parent has a Godly right over his/her child and the child’s wealth. The child should never be stingy with his/her wealth and should share it with his/her parents. If your parents oppress you, you must still treat them with the utmost respect and kindness as per the command of Allah. Allah will judge between you and them on the day of Judgment. If you see your parents disobeying Allah, you must still respect them and kindly advise them in the most beautiful manner to do what Allah loves. The luckiest person is the one whose parents are alive and he/she is able to please Allah by pleasing them in what pleases Allah. Two doors of jannah will open for this person by Allah’s permission because of pleasing his/her parents. If he/she angers his/her parents, Allah will be angry with him/her till he makes his/her parents happy. Allah teaches us that if our parents force us to associate partners with Allah, we must not obey them in this regard, but we must still accompany them in a good manner in the dunya. Even if our parents are not Muslim, we must behave excellently with them. A Muslim should ask Allah to forgive his/her parents if they are deceased since this is a cause for an increase in the deceased parent’s rank in paradise. The offspring can pay Zakah on behalf of their deceased parents, perform Hajj on their behalf, and fast on their behalf. If you enjoyed this summary, we urge you to read the details in the section "Birr with parents" for even more sweetness, inshaa Allah.
Any Muslim who is certain that Monday is the day of Arafah, it becomes haraam (forbidden) for him/her to fast on Tuesday. (This is explained by Ibn Baaz and Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on them) in writing and audio)
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Hajj is Arafah.” [Abu Dawud] This means that Hajj is not accepted without Arafah.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said about fasting on the day of Arafah: “It expiates the sins of the past and coming year.” [Muslim]
The day after Arafah is the day of Eid and it is haram to fast on Eid.
There is one universe, one moon, one place called Arafah, and Hajj is Arafah. Millions of hujjaaj will stand on Arafah on Monday, and celebrate Eid on Tuesday. Those who fast on Tuesday will be fasting on the day of Eid, and it is haram to fast on Eid. Wallahu a’lam. And Allah knows best.
We make dua to Allah as Rasulullah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) taught us:
Allahumma arinal-haqqa haqqan warzuqnat-tiba'ah, wa arinal-batila batilan warzuqnaj-tinabah, bi rahmatika ya arhamar-rahimeen.
Translation: O Allah! Let us see the truth as truth, and bless us to hold on to it and follow it. And show us the falsehood as falsehood, and bless us with shunning away from it, with Your mercy, O Most Merciful!
Abu Umamah (radiyAllahu 'anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, “I guarantee a house on the outskirts of Paradise for he who leaves arguing even if he is right and a house in the middle of Paradise for he who leaves lying even when joking, and a house in the highest part of Paradise for he who makes his character excellent.”
Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4800; Sahih (authentic) according to An-Nawawi and Ibn Al-Qayyim
RULES GOVERNING WORK RELATED CONVERSATIONS BETWEEN A MAN AND WOMAN IN ISLAM
All praise belongs to Allah who blessed us with a safety belt in this life: Islaam-total submission to Allah. It is out of the immense mercy and love of Allah for us that He revealed the Qur’an and sent His beloved messenger Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) to teach us the best way of life for us.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "O Ali (radiyAllahu ‘anhu), do not follow a glance with another, for you will be forgiven for the first, but not for the second." [Tirmidhi] This hadith teaches us that to look at a man/woman while being emotionally activated towards him/her is forbidden. Such a look is forgiven the first time but the second (and any more) is a transgression. To look innocently/with no bad intention is allowed.
On the conditions that 1) the man and woman are standing/sitting in a modest way and 2) the man and woman are standing/sitting at a respectable distance, they can converse/look in a moderate manner, while keeping their conversation/looking in check, having taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah.
Furthermore, we must understand that the woman is not like the man. She is sensitive and fragile. Allah teaches us in the Qur’an that the woman is brought up as though she was in a chest of pearls. This description of the environment in which the female is raised in is an indication of how sensitive and fragile she is (see surah 43, ayah18). Anas (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) reported that Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) passed by his wives while a camel driver called Anjashah was driving the camel they were riding. He said (to him), “May Allaah forgive you, Anjashah! Drive gently the camel carrying glassware.” [Bukhari and Muslim] “We learn from other versions of this hadiith that Anjashah was driving the camel very fast, so the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) had to mildly rebuke him and instruct him to drive the camel gently as women were riding it. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) refers to them as 'glassware' in view of their delicate nature.”1 Therefore Allah, the Most Merciful, has revealed laws specific to women to protect them from trouble from men. The following are these laws according to the Qur’an and sunnah:
1) The woman must not speak in a gentle/soft voice because it may lure the one who possesses a diseased heart. He may interpret the gentleness in her voice as flirting [see surah 33, ayah 32].
2) The woman must not make any effort to display to the opposite gender any hidden accessories/jewelry/adornments. Allah says in surah 24, ayah 31: “And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment.” If the hidden adornments must not be made visible lest they tempt a man, then it is clear that visible adornments must not be displayed as well, such as make up and nail polish. A woman wearing makeup must wear the niqaab when in the presence of a non mahram and a woman wearing nail polish must wear gloves when in the presence of a non mahram. Allah says in surah Ahzab, ayah 33: “…and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance.” “Tabarruj” in this ayah refers to a wanton display of a woman’s adornment to tempt men. Wearing a ring is permissible in front of a non mahram. This is based on a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), who asked a companion if had a ring to give to the woman he wanted to marry as her mahr, when the companion said he could not find anything to give to the woman as her mahr.2 Refer to the “references” section at the end to read the full hadith.
3) A Muslim woman’s clothing must not be tight or thin/transparent. When she reaches the age of puberty, only her hands and face are to be visible to a non mahram. This is based on the following hadith: It was narrated from Aishah (radiyAllahu ‘anha) that Asma bint Abi Bakr (radiyAllahu ‘anha) entered upon the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) wearing a thin garment. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) turned away from her and said: “O Asma, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it is not proper for anything to be seen of her except this and this,” and he pointed to his face and hands.” [Abu Dawud]
In summary the woman must not do anything to attract the opposite gender, be it in the way she walks, talks, or dresses.
Allah praises the daughter of Prophet Shu’ayb (‘alayhi salam) because of her modesty in the Qur’an:
Then there came to him one of the two women, walking upon modesty (shyly). She said: "Verily, my father calls you that he may reward you for having watered (our flocks) for us." So when he came to him and narrated the story, he said: "Fear you not. You have escaped from the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, disbelievers, and wrong-doers)."
May ALLAH make us among those whom He is pleased with. Aameen.
1) Explanation of the hadith: http://drvaniya.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Hadiith-Lesson-3.pdf
2) It is related from Sahl ibn Sa'd (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) that a woman came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and said, "Messenger of Allah, I have come to give myself to you (to dispose of in marriage)." He raised his eyes to her and then looked and then lowered his head. When the woman saw that he had not made any decision about her, she sat down. One of his Companions stood up and said, "Messenger of Allah, if you have no need of her, then marry her to me." He asked, "Do you have anything [to give her]?" He said, "By Allah, no, Messenger of Allah." He said, "Go to your family and see if you can find something." The man went and returned and said, "No, Messenger of Allah, I did not find anything." He said, "Look, even if it is an iron ring." He went and then came back and said, "By Allah, Messenger of Allah, no. I did not even find an iron ring, but I have this waist-wrapper." Sahl said, "He did not have a cloak and so she could have half do it." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What will she do with your waist-wrapper? If you wear it, she will have none of it, and if she wears it, you will have none of it." The man sat down for a long time and then got up. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw him going away and commanded someone to call him. When he came back, he asked, "What do you know of the Qur'an?" He replied, "I know this sura, that sura, and that sura," and he named them. He asked, "Do you recite that by heart?" "Yes," he replied. He said, "Go, I have married you to her for what you know of the Qur'an." [Bukhari]
OUR ONLY CONCERN SHOULD BE GAINING THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH
We must make earning the pleasure of Allah our only concern. If you gain the pleasure of Allah, you have everything and if you lose His pleasure, you have lost everything. We need to struggle our utmost to please Allah. Allah says in surah 29, ayah 69:
“And those who strive for Us - We will surely guide them to Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good.”
Focus on pleasing Allah alone. Some people run around all day to earn a livelihood while missing salahs one after another. Some people make weddings so extravagant, borrowing money from the bank, just to please people. Others only want their houses to look beautiful, but they remain heedless of the fact that barakah (blessing) does not come from fancy furniture or carpets; rather, it comes from the obedience to Allah and following the way of His beloved messenger Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam). How easily do people forsake the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) today! Some people despise daughters; this is un-Islamic! The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) had four daughters and he loved them all dearly.
Narrated Ali (radiyAllahu ‘anhu): Fatima (radiyAllahu ‘anha) went to the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) complaining about the bad effect of the stone hand-mill on her hand. She heard that the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) had received a few slave girls. But (when she came there) she did not find him, so she mentioned the issue to 'Aisha (radiyAllahu ‘anha). When the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) came, 'Aisha (radiyAllahu ‘anha) informed him about that. 'Ali (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) added, "So the Prophet came to us when we had gone to bed. We wanted to get up (on his arrival) but he said, 'Stay where you are." Then he came and sat between me and her and I felt the coldness of his feet on my abdomen. He said, "Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say 'Subhan Allah' thirty-three times, 'Alhamdulillah' thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar' thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant. [Bukhari] The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) taught us to prefer the akhirah over this transient life.
Parents/adults have a crucial role in helping the youth come closer to Allah. If the parents pray, their children will follow by example inshaa Allah. The parents/adults should teach the kids: if you say this, you will get this reward, for example. They should teach children to ask from Allah when they want something. They should teach children to rely on Allah alone. Allah is the Provider. A woman’s husband passed away and people gathered and said, “Poor woman, the one who fed her has died.” The woman full of imaan replied, “He was not the one who fed me. Allah is the one who feeds us and He is Ever-Living.”
Allah is al Ghafoor, but that does not mean that we intentionally disobey Him. We must strive to please Allah and remember Him constantly.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "No people sit in an assembly without mentioning Allah, and without asking Allah for blessings on their Prophet, except that it will be a cause of sorrow upon them. Thus if He (Allah) wishes He will punish them, and if He wishes He will forgive them." [Tirmidhi]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "No people may rise from an assembly in which they have failed to mention the Name of Allah without it being as if they were getting off a dead donkeys rotting back, and it would be a cause of grief for them." [Abu Dawud, Ahmad]
WE MUST FLEE FROM WHERE IT IS FORBIDDEN TO WORSHIP ALLAH IN PRIVATE
Allah says in surah 29, ayah 26:
And Lot believed him. [Abraham] said, "Indeed, I will emigrate to [the service of] my Lord. Indeed, He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise."
Allah says in surah 28, ayah 21:
So he left it, fearful and anticipating [apprehension]. He said, "My Lord, save me from the wrongdoing people."
Allah says in surah 4, ayah 100:
“And whoever emigrates for the cause of Allah will find on the earth many [alternative] locations and abundance. And whoever leaves his home as an emigrant to Allah and His Messenger and then death overtakes him - his reward has already become incumbent upon Allah . And Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.”
We learn from these ayahs that we must flee from places where it is forbidden to worship Allah in private. Ibraheem (‘alayhi salam) was forced to leave his town [29:26] and Musa (‘alayhi salam) was chased out of his land [28:21].
Allah says in surah Rahmaan, ayah 60:
“Is the reward for excellence [anything] but excellence?”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) likened the Muslim to a good tree, the date palm tree, because people benefit immensely from its goodness. Narrated Abdullah Ibn `Umar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Indeed there is a tree that does not shed its leaves, it resembles a Muslim. So tell me, which is it?” So people started discussing the trees of the country side. ‘Abdullah Ibn `Umar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) said: “I thought to myself that it was the date palm tree, but I was shy [and did not speak up].” So they asked the Messenger (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) “Tell us what it is O Messenger of Allaah.” He said: “It is the date palm tree.” I mentioned this to ‘Umar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) who said: “It would have been more beloved to me than such and such had you said it was the date palm tree.” [Muslim]
The scholars stated: “The Muslim was likened to the date palm due to the abundance of its goodness, the continuity of its shade, the goodness of its fruit and its presence throughout the year. Indeed from the time its fruit emerges, it could continue to be eaten until it dries, and after it dries a lot of benefits are gained from it. Likewise from its leaves, wood and branches; they are used for staffs, fire wood, rods, straw mats, ropes and utensils amongst other uses. The last thing is the date stone which is used as fodder for camels. Furthermore, the beauty of its growth and the pleasant shape of its fruit, all of it is beneficial, is goodness and beauty.”
A believer must strive to do good, adopt excellent manners with all people, and be of continuous benefit to others.
Mother Teresa said:
“You see, in the final analysis, it is between you and your God;
It was never between you and them anyway.”
It does not matter whether people appreciate the good we do to them. Allah has prepared unimaginable reward for those who do good seeking His pleasure.
Allah says in surah 41, ayahs 33-35:
And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, "Indeed, I am of the Muslims."
And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.
But none is granted it except those who are patient, and none is granted it except one having a great portion [of good].
Allah says in surah 4, ayah 125:
And who is better in religion than one who submits himself to Allah while being a doer of good and follows the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth? And Allah took Abraham as an intimate friend.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “You will not be able to please/satisfy people with your wealth, but you will be able to please/overpower them with your good manners and a cheerful face.” [Bukhari]
Abu Huraira (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Charity is due upon every joint of the people for every day upon which the sun rises. Being just between two people is charity, and helping a man with his animal and lifting his luggage upon it is charity. A kind word is charity, and every step that you take towards the mosque is charity, and removing harmful things from the road is charity.” [Agreed upon]
Allah says in surah 39, ayah 18:
“Who listen to speech and follow the best of it. Those are the ones Allah has guided, and those are people of understanding.”
Abu Dharr (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) reported: The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wassallam) said, "Do not belittle any good deed, even meeting your brother (Muslim) with a cheerful face" [Muslim]
Allah says in surah 28, ayah 77:
“But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.”
Abu Y’alaa Shaddad ibn Aws (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Surely, Allah has prescribed excellence in all things. Thus, if you kill, kill in a good manner. If you slaughter, slaughter in a good manner. Each of you should sharpen his blade and spare suffering to the animal he is slaughtering”. [Muslim]
The messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Your smiling in the face of your brother is charity; enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is charity; Your guiding a man that has lost his way is charity; and your removing of stones, thorns, and bones from people’s paths is charity.” [Tirmidhi]
Allah says in surah 17, ayah 36:
“And do not utter that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart - about all those [one] will be questioned.”
In this ayah there is an immense threat: never say anything without being 110% sure about it. Don’t say what you have no knowledge of. Surely, the hearing, the sight, and the heart will be questioned by Allah. Let us adopt the beautiful example of our beloved prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), who said: “Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day either speak good or be silent.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Imam Malik (rahimahullah) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “I have been sent to perfect good character.” [Muwatta 1614; saheeh]
Allah says in surah 79, ayahs 40-41:
“But as for he who feared the position of his Lord and prevented the soul from [unlawful] inclination,”
“Verily, Paradise will be his abode.”
Abu Ya'la Shaddad ibn Aws (radiyAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, "The intelligent man/person is the one who subjugates himself and works for what will come after death. The (psychologically and emotionally) incapable man/person is the one who follows his own desires and hopes from Allah (without taking any action/doing any good deeds)." [Tirmidhi]
At-Tirmidhi and other scholars said that "dâna nafsahu" (subjugates himself) means to make it answerable.
With Allah, it is always action and reaction. Allah says in surah 40, ayah 60:
And your Lord says, "Call upon Me; I will respond to you." Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell [rendered] contemptible.
It is foolish to abandon action and follow one’s desires, expecting one’s hopes to be fulfilled by Allah. Rather, we must make dua to Him and do good deeds, and He will respond to us.
When the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was asked about which deed leads people to enter Paradise the most, he replied: “Taqwa (sharp awareness of Allah) and good manners.” [Tirmidhi]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “O Abaa Dhar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu), I enjoin upon you excellent conduct.” Abu Dhar (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) said, “And what is excellent conduct O messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam)?” He said, “That you join ties with the one who cuts you off, and you forgive the one who oppresses you, and you give to the one who denies you.” [Al Baihaqi]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah wherever you are and follow a bad deed with a good deed, it shall erase it; and deal with people with the best of manners.” [Tirmidhi]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Surely those closest to me from among you on the day of Judgment will be those with the best akhlaaq (manners/conduct).” [Ahmad, Tirmidhi, and Ibn Hibban]
Abu 'Isa Al-Mughirah bin Shu`bah (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) narrated: The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, "Allah has made haraam (forbidden) on you: disobedience to your mothers, to withhold (what you should give), or demand (what you do not deserve), and to bury your daughters alive. And Allah dislikes idle talk, to ask too many questions (for things which will be of no benefit to one), and to waste your wealth." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Al-Nawwas ibn Samaan (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) narrated: The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Birr (righteousness) is to have good character and sin is what festers in your heart and you hate for people to know about it.” [Muslim-2553]
Wabisah bin Ma'bad (radiyallahu 'anhu) narrated: I came to the Messenger of Allah, (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) and he said: "You have come to ask about righteousness?" "Yes," I answered. He said: "Consult your heart. Righteousness is that about which the soul feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and sin is what creates restlessness in the soul and moves to and fro in the chest, even though people give you their opinion (in your favour) and they continue to do so." [Ahmad and Ad-Darimi]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “I urge you to treat women well.” [Bukhaari, 331; Muslim, 1468]
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said, "The believer with the most complete faith is the one with the best character, and the best of them are those who treat their women the best." [Tirmidhi, Ahmad; Saheeh]
The homework of every Muslim man is to go home and ask his mother, grandmother, wife, daughter, sister, aunt, etc, how good of a son/grandson/husband/father/nephew he is.
May Allah help us all to have excellent manners in all our dealings. Aameen.
VIRTUES OF DHUL HIJJAH AND EID MUBARAK!
Sunday October 6, 2013 is the first day of Dul Hijjah. The one who intends to sacrifice an animal on Eidul adha should make the intention in Dhul Qa’dah and, latest by the night of Saturday October 5, 2013 he should cut his nails and hair because he/she cannot do so during the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever has an animal to slaughter, when the new moon of Dhu’l-Hijjah appears, let him not remove anything from his hair or nails until he has offered the sacrifice.” [Abu Dawood and Muslim] This applies whether he is going to slaughter the sacrifice himself or someone else will be doing so on his behalf. The one offering the sacrifice should be psychologically in ihram with the hujjaaj (pilgrims), having taqwa of Allah.
The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are an opportunity to gain immense reward from Allah, the Most Merciful. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days." The people asked, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?" He said, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.” [Bukhari] If a person can fast in the first nine days, he/she should do so to take advantage of these days. We cannot fast on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah because that is the day of Eid and it is forbidden to fast on Eid.
On the day of Eid, Muslims must say the takbeeraat on the way to the musalla and after every fard salah starting from the fajr of the day of Eid (10th of Dhul Hijjah) to after asr of the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah. In summary:
10th of Dhul Hijjah: say takbeers of Eid after fajr, dhuhr, asr, maghrib, and isha salah
11th of Dhul Hijjah: say takbeers of Eid after fajr, dhuhr, asr, maghrib, and isha salah
12th of Dhul Hijjah: say takbeers of Eid after fajr, dhuhr, and asr salah
The animal must be sacrificed after the eid salah on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, because Allah says in surah Kawthar, ayah 2:
“So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].”
Allah mentions salah before sacrifice in this ayah, and so we pray the eid prayer first and then we sacrifice the animal.
May ALLAH help us to take advantage of the blessed days of Dhul Hijjah and increase in closeness to Him. Aameen!
RULES OF JANAZAH (BURIAL)
Whenever any calamity strikes us, we should say: Innaa lillahi wa inna ilayhi raaji'oon, meaning: “Indeed, to Allah we belong and to Him we will return.”
Allah says in surah baqarah, ayahs 155-157:
And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient,
Who, when a calamity strikes them, say, "Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return."
“Those are the ones upon whom are blessings from their Lord and mercy. And it is those who are the [rightly] guided.”
Allah says in surah 21, ayah 35:
“Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and with good as trial; and to Us you will be returned.”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “A Muslim has six obligations to another Muslim: (1) When you meet him, you should greet him. (2) When he invites you, you should accept his invitation. (3) When he asks you for advice, you should give him your (sincerest) advice. (4) When he sneezes and praises Allah, you should say, “Yarhamuk Allah” (May Allah have mercy upon you). (5) When he is ill, you should visit him. (6) When he dies, you should follow him (i.e. his funeral procession).” [Muslim]
Offering salatul janazah (the funeral prayer) is a fard kifaya, communal obligation. This means that if a portion of the community pray it, the rest of the community will be rewarded as well but if no one prays it, then the entire community is sinning. Therefore we should look for deceased Muslims by name to offer salatul janazah on them.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever attends the funeral until the prayer has been offered will have one qiraat (of reward) and whoever attends until the deceased has been buried will have two qiraats.” It was said, “What are the two qiraats?” He said: “Like two great mountains.” [Bukhari and Muslim] The deceased is in desperate need for our dua. When we follow the janazah, our main concern should be silently making dua for the deceased, asking Allah to forgive him/her and grant him/her jannah.
If a female is in a masjid or musalla and learns of a funeral prayer being offered while she is there, it is okay for her to perform the salatul janazah. On the other hand, it is forbidden for her to go to the masjid/musalla with the intention of praying salatul janazah because that is like following the janazah. As long as the body is not buried, the female must not go near it. This is agreed upon by all four schools of law. The women are encouraged to visit the family of the deceased in their homes.
In the early days of Islam, the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) forbade the Muslims from visiting the graves because Islam had to be established in their hearts and they had to rid themselves of ignorant customs like grave worship. Later, he allowed them to visit the graves to soften their hearts and remind themselves of the akhira. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Visit graves, for they will remind you of the Hereafter.” Women can visit the graves.
The right of the deceased’s family on the community is that the community attends to the family’s needs for three consecutive days (breakfast, lunch, and dinner on all three days). The neighbors/friends/community should coordinate providing meals to the family among them. The etiquette to follow is: arriving at the deceased’s family’s home, putting the food down, sitting with them for 5-10 minutes, and then excusing yourself to give them their privacy. The community should help the family to cope in their time of loss and grief.You can offer your condolences by phone/internet/ in person, etc.
Anas ibn Malik(radiyAllahu anhu) reported that when the Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) son Ibraheem passed away, the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was weeping . Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf (radiyAllahu anhu) said: “O Messenger of Allah, are you weeping?”. He (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) replied: "This is mercy". Then he (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "Our eyes shed tears and our hearts are saddened, but we do not say anything except that by which Allah is pleased. O, Ibrahim we are sad to say goodbye to you." [Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abi Dawood and Sunan Ibne Majah]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said that mourning and accepting condolences is for three days except for the widow, whose iddah is four months and ten days.
Accepting condolences and mourning (sadness, weeping) is up to three days for everyone except for the widow. After three days, there is no need to accept condolences and the sadness should not show. The widow however needs more emotional and psychological support than the others in her time of loss.
Allah says in surah 60, ayah 8:
“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.”
Qutaylah bint 'Abd al-'Uzza (who was a mushrika/polytheist) went to visit her daughter Asma' bint Abi Bakr (radiyAllahu ‘anha) and took with her gifts: desert lizards, clarified butter and dry cheese. However, Asma (radiyAllahu ‘anha) refused to let her in her house and rejected her gifts. She was afraid to receive her and be nice to her, as she did not know if it was allowed by Allah. 'A'ishah (radiyAllahu ‘anha) went on behalf of her sister Asma' (radiyAllahu ‘anha) to ask the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) about the ruling. Allah subhaanahu wa ta’aala revealed ayah 8 of surah 60 to make clear His ruling. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) thus told Asma’ (radiyAllahu ‘anha) that by all means, she should receive her mother and be nice to her. Asma' (radiyAllahu ‘anha) then let her mother into her house and accepted her gifts. This was narrated by al-Hakim Abu 'Abd Allah in his Sahih.
Therefore based on this ayah, we learn that we must treat excellently and justly the non Muslims who do not fight against us on the basis of our religion and do not expel us from our homes. If they disbelieve in our Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), we don’t disbelieve in their Prophets such as Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses) (‘alayhima salam), but we disbelieve in their idols; we worship none but Allah. Allah teaches us in suratul kaafiroon, ayah 6:
“For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.”
The three heavenly revelations ordered the prophets and messengers to live and preach one message: there is no god but Allah.
Jesus (peace be upon him) was asked, “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” [Matthew: 36-40]
Moses (peace be upon him) said, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.” [Deuteronomy: 4-6]
We believe in the heavenly revelations revealed by Allah and all the prophets sent by Allah. Islam emphasizes the teachings of both Musa and Isa (‘alayhima salam): that there is only one God: Allah, only one religion (submission to God: Islam), and that we must be good to one another.
Allah says in surah Luqman, ayahs 14-15:
And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination.
But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.
From these ayahs we learn that if your parents are not Muslim, you cannot obey them in worshiping anyone/thing besides Allah but you must still treat them well.
Your neighbor, whether Muslim or non Muslim is entitled to excellent treatment by you.
Allah commands us to be super good to our neighbors. He says in surah nisaa, ayah 36:
“Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Jibril (‘alayhi salam) kept on enjoining me to treat neighbors well until I thought that he would command me to include neighbors among inheritors (entitled to inheritance).” [Related by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Malik and others] We learn from this hadith how much Allah emphasized through Jibril (‘alayhi salam) the excellent conduct with neighbors.
In a hadith qudsi, the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, "For any muslim who dies and four of his close neighbors testify that they have known him to be good, Allah-the Blessed, the Highest-will say, 'I have accepted your testimony and forgiven him for what you do not know about.' [Ahmad]
Abul-Aswad (radiyAllahu anhu) narrated that he came to Madeenah during the time of an epidemic and he sat next to 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radiyAllahu ‘anhu). When a bier (stand on which a coffin is placed to be taken to the grave) passed by, the people praised the person and 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed." Another bier passed by and the people praised the person and again 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed." When a third bier passed by, the people spoke badly of the deceased and 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed." Abul-Aswad asked him what was affirmed and he replied, "I said what the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "Allaah will put in Paradise any Muslim for whom four have testified to his goodness." We asked, even if three? He replied, even if three. We asked, even if two [testify to his goodness]? He replied, even if two. Then we did not ask about one person. [Bukhari]
May ALLAH guide us to be super good to our neighbors. Aameen.
The three heavenly revelations ordered the prophets and messengers to live and preach laa ilaha illallah, there is no god but Allah. Jesus (peace be upon him) was asked, “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment.” [Matthew: 36-38]. Moses (peace be upon him) said, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.” [Deuteronomy: 4-6]. ALLAH says in surah aali imraan, ayah 102: “O you who have believed, have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah as is due to Him and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].” Taqwa is the sharp awareness of Allah. With regards to tawheed, we must have taqwa of Allah as is due to Allah [3:102] and with regards to ibadah (worship), we must have taqwa of Allah to the best of our ability, as Allah describes in surah Taghabun, ayah 16:
“So have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of Allah]; it is better for your selves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul - it is those who will be the successful.”
ALLAH asks rhetorical questions in the Qur’an to stress the concept of tawheed (belief in the oneness of Allah): “Is there a god with (other than) Allah?” and “Doesn’t all creation and command belong to Allah?” [27:60; 7:54]. He has power over everything and witnesses everything [29:20; 41:53]. ALLAH says we must know without doubt that:
· There is no god but Allah [47:19].
· We will surely return/be gathered to Allah. The meeting with Allah is coming. [2:203; 2:223]
· Allah knows what is in ourselves [2:235]
· Allah is the Most Forgiving, Most Clement [2:235]
· Allah is the Most Mighty, Most Wise [2:260]
· Allah is the Most Rich, Free of Need, and Most Praiseworthy [2:267]
Allah says Shaytan promises us poverty and orders indecency, while Allah promises forgiveness from Him and bounty/grace. And Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding. [2:268-269] Allah, the Most Merciful will show His signs to everyone and it is only these people of understanding who will believe in Allah and appreciate the signs of Allah in His creation [41:53].
In the most superior way of asking for forgiveness, sayyidal istighfaar, we declare that there is no God but Allah, that He created us, and we are His slaves. Our Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said about sayyid al istighfaar: “Whoever says this during the day, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that day before evening comes, will be one of the people of Paradise, and whoever says it at night, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that night before morning comes, will be one of the people of Paradise.” [Bukhari]
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If anybody comes on the Day of Resurrection who has said: La ilaha illal-lah, sincerely, with the intention to win Allah's Pleasure, Allah will make the Hell-Fire forbidden for him.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
The Arabs at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) knew the meaning of laa ilaha illallah. They knew its implications: the total submission to Allah, and living by His commands. Abu Lahab understood its meaning and thus waged war against our prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and the Muslims. We pray to Allah that He helps us know the true meaning of tawheed so that we may live laa ilaaha illallah. Aameen.
To solidify the conviction in your aqeedah of believing in only one God, Allah, we urge you to visit surah rahmaan [you may read its explanation by scrolling down on this page]. By reflecting upon it you will learn of His might, signs, and attributes. We urge Muslims and non Muslims to ask themselves which of these signs of Allah do they deny?
If you enjoyed this summary, please read the detailed version below for even more sweetness.
LA ILAHA ILLALLAH
THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH
The three heavenly revelations ordered the prophets and messengers to live and preach laa ilaha illallah, there is no god but Allah.
Jesus (peace be upon him) was asked, “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment.” [Matthew: 36-38]
Moses (peace be upon him) said, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.” [Deuteronomy: 4-6]
ALLAH says in surah aali imraan, ayah 102:
O you who have believed, have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah as is due to Him and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].
Note: Taqwa is the sharp awareness of Allah. With regards to tawheed, we must have taqwa of Allah as is due to Allah [3:102] and with regards to ibadah (worship), we must have taqwa of Allah to the best of our ability, as Allah describes in surah Taghabun, ayah 16:
So have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of Allah]; it is better for your selves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul - it is those who will be the successful.
The following are some more ayahs from the Quran which shed light on tawheed, the oneness of Allah subhanahu wa ta’aala:
So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place. [47:19]
And remember Allah during [specific] numbered days. Then whoever hastens [his departure] in two days - there is no sin upon him; and whoever delays [until the third] - there is no sin upon him - for him who has taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah. And have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah and know that unto Him you will be gathered. [2:203]
Your wives are a place of sowing of seed for you, so come to your place of cultivation however you wish and put forth [righteousness] for yourselves. And have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah and know that you will meet Him. And give good tidings to the believers. [2:223]
Note: This ayah is a warning for men that Allah has created mates for them and they should not forget the meeting of each soul with Allah that will surely take place and each one will be questioned about what he/she did.
There is no blame upon you for that to which you [indirectly] allude concerning a proposal to women or for what you conceal within yourselves. Allah knows that you will have them in mind. But do not promise them secretly except for saying a proper saying. And do not determine to undertake a marriage contract until the decreed period reaches its end. And know that Allah knows what is within yourselves, so beware of Him. And know that Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [2:235]
Note: In this ayah Allah teaches us that a man cannot tell a widow during her iddah directly that he intends to marry her but he can give a hint, like, “Your future awaits you.” Allah says that we must know that He is aware of what is in ourselves, and we must beware of Him. We must also know that Allah is the Most Forgiving, Most Clement.
And [mention] when Abraham said, "My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead." [ Allah ] said, "Have you not believed?" He said, "Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied." [ Allah ] said, "Take four birds and commit them to yourself. Then [after slaughtering them] put on each hill a portion of them; then call them - they will come [flying] to you in haste. And know that Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise." [2:260]
Note: Allah showed Ibraheem (‘alayhi salam) how He gives life to the dead to put his heart at rest. Allah says that we must know He is the Most Mighty, Most Wise.
O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. [2:267]
Note: Allah teaches us in this ayah that we must spend of the good things we have earned, not of the defective things which we would not like to receive ourselves. Allah says we must know He is the Most Rich, Free of Need, and Most Praiseworthy.
Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. [2:268]
Note: Allah says that Shaytan promises us poverty and orders indecency, while Allah promises forgiveness from Him and bounty/grace. And Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding. [2:269]
Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)! [27:60]
Note: In this ayah Allah asks a rhetorical question: Is there a god with (other than) Allah?
Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He covers the night with the day, [another night] chasing it rapidly; and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, subjected by His command. Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds. [7:54]
Note: Allah asks another rhetorical question in this ayah: Doesn’t all creation and command belong to Allah?
We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness? [41:53]
Say, [O Muhammad], "Travel through the land and observe how He began creation. Then Allah will produce the final creation. Indeed Allah, over all things, is competent." [29:20]
The chief way to ask for forgiveness from Allah is by saying sayyidal istighfaar (the most superior way of asking for forgiveness):
“Allaahumma Anta Rabbee laa ilaah illa Anta, khalaqtani wa ana ‘abduka wa ana ‘ala ‘ahdika wa wad’ika maa asta’tu, a’oodhu bika min sharri ma sana’tu aboo’u laka bi ni’matika ‘alayya wa aboo’u laka bi dhanbi, faghfir li fa innahu laa yaghfir al-dhunoob illa anta (O Allaah, you are my Lord. None has the right to be worshipped but You. You created me and I am Your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise (to You) as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You).”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever says this during the day, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that day before evening comes, will be one of the people of Paradise, and whoever says it at night, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that night before morning comes, will be one of the people of Paradise.” [Bukhari]
In sayyid al istighfaar, we declare that there is no God but Allah, that He created us, and we are His slaves.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If anybody comes on the Day of Resurrection who has said: La ilaha illal-lah, sincerely, with the intention to win Allah's Pleasure, Allah will make the Hell-Fire forbidden for him.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Imam Bukhari (rahimahullah) recorded from Ibn `Abbas (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) went out to the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain. Then he cried out, “O people, come at once!” So the Quraysh gathered around him. Then he said, “If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me) They replied, “Yes.” Then he said, “Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.” Then Abu Lahab said, “Have you gathered us for this? May you perish!” Thus, Allah revealed, “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!” to the end of the surah.
Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) recorded from Abu Az-Zinad that a man called Rabi`ah bin `Abbad from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dil, who was a man of pre-Islamic ignorance who accepted Islam, said to him, “I saw the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the time of pre-Islamic ignorance in the market of Dhul-Majaz and he was saying,“O people! Say there is no god worthy of worship except Allah and you will be successful” The people were gathered around him and behind him there was a man with a bright face, squint (or cross) eyes and two braids in his hair. He was saying, “Verily, he is an apostate (from our religion) and a liar!” This man was following him (the Prophet) around wherever he went. So, I asked who was he and they (the people) said, “This is his uncle, Abu Lahab.”
The Arabs at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) knew the meaning of laa ilaha illallah. They knew its implications: the total submission to Allah, and living by His commands.
We pray to Allah that He helps us know the true meaning of tawheed so that we may live laa ilaha illallah. Aameen.
To solidify the conviction in your aqeedah of believing in only one God, Allah, we urge you to visit surah rahmaan. By reflecting upon it you will learn of Allah’s might, signs, and attributes. We urge Muslims and non Muslims to ask themselves which of these signs of Allah do they deny?
Surah Rahmaan tilts the human brain from material attachment to spiritual attachment. Allah urges us to look at His creation, the galaxies, and at our own selves. He created us and everything around us. Reflecting upon His magnanimous creation should make us less materially attached. Allah wants us to look up at His creation and see what we have been missing. 110% of the 20th-21st century’s advancement is the by-product of looking and travelling upward.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The Most Gracious (Allâh)! (1) He has taught (you mankind) the Qur'ân (by His Mercy). (2) He created man. (3) He taught him eloquent speech. (4) The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated with measured out stages for each (for reckoning). (5) And the herbs (or stars) and the trees both prostrate themselves. (to Allah. See V.22:18). (Tafsir Ibn Kathir) (6) And the sky He has raised it high, and He has set up the Balance. (7) In order that you may not transgress (due) balance. (8) And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient. (9) And the earth He has put down (laid) for the creatures. (10) Therein are fruits, date-palms producing sheathed fruit-stalks (enclosing dates). (11) And also corn, with (its) leaves and stalk for fodder, and sweet-scented plants. (12) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (13) He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. (14) And the jinn He created from a smokeless flame of fire. (15) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (16) (He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early summer and early winter). (17) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (18) He has let loose the two seas (the salt and the fresh water) meeting together. (19)Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. (20) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (21) Out of them both come out pearl and coral. (22) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (23) And His are the ships going and coming in the seas, like mountains. (24) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (25) Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. (26) And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will remain forever. (27) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (28) Whosoever is in the skies and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He is (engaged) in some affair (such as giving honour or disgrace to some, life or death to some, etc.)! (29) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (30) We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinn and men)! (31) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (32) O assembly of jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the skies and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allâh)! (33) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (34) There will be sent against you both, smokeless flames of fire and (molten) brass, and you will not be able to defend yourselves. (35) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (36) Then when the sky is rent asunder, and it becomes rosy or red like red-oil, or red hide — (See V.70:8) (37) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (38) So on that Day no question will be asked of man or jinni as to his sin, [because they have already been known from their faces either white (dwellers of Paradise - true believers of Islamic Monotheism) or black (dwellers of Hell - polytheists; disbelievers, criminals)]. (39) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (40) The Mujrimûn (polytheists, criminals, sinners) will be known by their marks (black faces), and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet. (41) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (42) This is Hell which the Mujrimûn (polytheists, criminals, sinners) denied. (43) They will go between it (Hell) and the fierce boiling water! (44) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (45) But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). (46) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (47) With spreading branches. (48) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (49) In them (both) will be two springs flowing (free). (50) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (51) In them (both) will be every kind of fruit in pairs. (52) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (53) Reclining upon the couches lined with silk brocade, and the fruits of the two Gardens will be near at hand. (54) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (55)Wherein both will be Qasirat-ut-Tarf [chaste females (wives) restraining their glances, desiring none except their husbands], with whom no man or jinni has had touched before them. (56) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (57)(In beauty) they are like rubies and coral. (58) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (59) Is there any reward for good other than good? (60) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (61) And besides these two, there are two other Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). (62) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (63) Dark green (in colour). (64) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (65) In them (both) will be two springs gushing forth. (66) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (67) In them (both) will be fruits, and date- palms and pomegranates. (68) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (69) Therein (Gardens) will be Khairâtun-Hisân [fair (wives) good and beautiful]. (70) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (71) Hûr guarded in pavilions; (72) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (73) With Whom no man or jinni has had touched before them. (74) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (75) Reclining on green cushions and rich beautiful mattresses. (76) Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (77) Blessed is the Name of your Lord (Allâh), the Owner of Majesty and Honour. (78)
Note: = ayah #
 Ar Rahmaan: The full of mercy
[2-3] Based on these ayahs, Adam (‘alayhi salam) must have learned the Qur’an.
 The sun and moon run in perfect calculation.
 Allah told the illiterate Arabs of the desert 1400 years ago that the shiny lamps in the sky are not just for illuminating the sky: The stars and trees make sujood and tasbeeh to Allah even though we can’t see it.
[7-8] Allah rose the sky and laid the scale of justice. So be just and do not cheat!
 Allah has made the earth standing still for you so that you can live on it without being thrown off. Subhan Allah!
 Smart aleck, which of the creation/blessings of Allah will you deny?
 Allah created man from clay, while jinn was created by Allah from the edge of the smokeless fire before Adam (‘alayhi salam).
 He is the Lord of many easts and many wests. (see surah 70, ayah 40).
[19-20] He causes sweet rivers to meet the salty sea without mixing because He has placed between them a division. If the two seas can’t get into one another, how can the jinn go inside a human?
 In these oceans you see the ships as big as mountains, afloat by His might.
[26-27] Everything on earth will perish; only Allah will remain in His Glory and Majesty.
 Every thing and creature seeks from Allah. Can the richest of the rich gather and feed all the poor people in one day? Never. It is only Allah who is ar-Razzaq: the constant Provider.
 I will be solely questioned on the Day of Judgement for all my deeds. This is very scary! We must prepare for the meeting with Allah. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Take as a friend the one who reminds you of death.” The one who reminds you of death will be reminding you of your meeting with Allah, and thus will encourage you to do good deeds and abstain from doing wrong in preparation for the meeting with Allah.
 Allah says, O human and jinn, if you are able to penetrate the skies and the earth, then do not hesitate to do so, but you will never be able to do it except by the permission of Allah and His authority.
There are different levels of the atmosphere.
In 1986, USA sent seven astronauts aboard the Challenger space shuttle into space. Less than three minutes into its flight, the entire space shuttle evaporated. If a person dies and his/her the body no longer remains as in this case or in the case of dying in a plane crash, etc, then even though the physical body is no longer present and thus there is no need for a grave in this world, the rooh (spirit) still has a grave in the barzakh (literally meaning barrier; it is the transient abode between the dunya and the akhira: life in jannah or jahannam). Therefore every human being has two graves: one for the body in this dunya (if the physical body remains) and one for the rooh in the barzakh.
 On the Day of Judgement, the sky shall split and it shall appear red like a red rose. Scientifically it has been explained that near the end of time, the sun will swallow all the stars and inflate in size, becoming a giant red star.
 Allah says, “For the one who feared the standing before His Lord, there will be two gardens.” Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) commented on this ayah, explaining: “(But for him who feareth the standing before his Lord) but he who fears standing before his Lord upon being on the verge of committing a transgression and thus desists from it (there are two Gardens) the Garden of Eden and the Firdaws.”
[48-54] Allah, the Most Merciful, describes the two gardens in jannah to us in these ayahs.
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said that Allâh (subhanaahu wa ta’aala) said "I have prepared for My slaves what no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no human heart can imagine". Recite if you wish, "No person know what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do." (32:17). [Hadith Qudsi-Bukhari]
[56; 70-74] For the Muslim men (like the Prophet Lut ‘alayhi salam) whose wives were not believers or the Muslim men who did not marry in the dunya, Allah has prepared beautiful females for them in jannah. No one has touched them before.
 Allah says: Is not goodness rewarded by goodness?
 Besides the two gardens mentioned earlier, there are two more gardens that are not as high in rank as the first two. Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) commented on this ayah, explaining: “And beside them (besides the gardens mentioned earlier) are two other Gardens which are less than the first two and which are: the Garden of Comfort (jannat al-na'im) and the Garden of Refuge (jannat al-ma'wa)”
 Hoor means “round.” It is the plural form for both males and females. Allah says in surah Waqiah, ayah 22: “(And (there are) fair ones with wide, lovely eyes” (Tafseer of Ibn ‘Abbas radiyAllahu anhu) Therefore hoor refers to the beautiful males and females in jannah with round eyes. Allah has created the male hoor for the single believing women such as Maryam (‘alayha salam). Also, doesn’t Asiya (‘alayha salam), whose husband was Fir’awn (a disbeliever) deserve the hoor in Paradise for her piety and faith in Allah? Of course! Allah has created the female hoor for the Muslim men (like the Prophet Lut ‘alayhi salam) whose wives were not believers or the Muslim men who did not marry in the dunya, as mentioned above.
 Allah ends surah rahmaan by saying, “Blessed is the name of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honour.”
Fiten is a time when the ummah is confused. No person knows with which party is the truth. People side with one party or another on the basis of their desires and clan, family, etc. Where, then, is the solution?
Allah says in suratul hujuraat, ayah 9:
“And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two of them. But if the oppressor does not wake up to the truth, then fight against the one that oppresses until they return to the ordinance of Allah. And if they return, then make settlement between them in justice and act justly. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.”
But when the whole ummah is fighting, where is the third party that will intervene? There is no third party. At this point, when fiten will take place like pieces of the dark night, we hope to be saved with Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala).
'The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, 'Verily, Fiten shall take place (like pieces of the dark night) wherein the one sitting is better than the one walking and the one walking is better than the one hastening forth. Truly, when it comes or befalls, let the one with camels remain with his camels and let the one with sheep remain with his sheep and let the one with land remain with his land.' Then a man said, 'O Messenger of Allah! What about the one without camels, sheep or land?' He said, 'Let him take his sword and strike it against a rock (to break the sword), let him be saved if he can be saved. O Allah, have I conveyed. O Allah, have I conveyed. O Allah, have I conveyed.' So a man said, 'O Messenger of Allah! What if I am forced and taken to either one of the sides or groups and a man strikes me with his sword or an arrow hits me?' He said, 'Then he shall bear his sin and your sin and he shall be of the dwellers of Hellfire.' [Muslim]
We learn from this hadith that in the times of fiten we should stay in our homes minding our own business to keep far away from the fiten.
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “My (entire) ummah will not gather on mischief.” [Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi]
Currently, the majority of the ummah is split half and half, and both are wrong. The mercy of Allah in this is that the minority of the ummah does not have to side with anyone and is thus saved from falling in the wrong, insha Allah. May Allah guide the majority of the ummah to the haqq. Aameen.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The differences of opinion between the ulemaa (scholars) of Islam is a rahma (blessing).”
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If an ‘aalim (Islamic scholar) strives his utmost and makes a correct ruling, he receives two rewards, but if he strives and errs he still receives one (reward for trying)” [Bukhari and Muslim].
Unfortunately today the ummah is encouraging unqualified people to pass fatwas. We all know that it is the judge and not the lawyer that makes the decision in a court, so how can we give the lawyer the position of a judge? May Allah guide us all. Aameen.
Fitna is much greater than mischief. ALLAH says in surah baqarah, ayah 191: “Fitna is much greater than killing.”
Narrated Zainab bint Jahsh (radiyAllahu ‘anha): The Prophet got up from his sleep with a flushed red face and said, "La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah). Woe to the Arabs, from the great evil that is nearly approaching them. Today a gap has been made in the wall of Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj like this." (Sufyan illustrated this by forming the number 90 or 100 with his fingers.) It was asked, "Shall we be destroyed, though there are righteous people among us?" The Prophet said, "Yes, if Al-Khabath is increased. [Bukhari]
The word Al-khabath is interpreted as wickedness/mischief. The plural of khabath is khabaaith.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Khamr (intoxicants) is the mother of all khabaaith (all sorts of wickedness and mischief: social, political, etc).” [Tabaraani]
A Note about Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog):
The root of “Ya’jooj” and “Ma’jooj” is the verb “ajjaja,” meaning to aggravate/to inflame. Therefore, ya’jooj and ma’jooj (Gog and Magog) mean the aggravators: those who aggravate a situation to make it chaotic; they are not necessarily the same people chained by Dhul Qarnayn (‘alayhi salam). Some ulemaa have said that the Tartars/Mongols that invaded Baghdad were Gog and Magog (aggravators). Iraq could have its own Gog and Magog (aggravators). Syria could have its own Gog and Magog (aggravators), and so forth. Gog and Magog are not necessarily people and they do not belong to a particular tribe. The media could be the Gog and Magog (aggravators) if it urges people to adopt wrong avenues.
Allah uses the word “ujaaj” in surah waqiah, ayah 70 to describe water:
“If We willed, We could make it bitter, so why are you not grateful?”
Ujaaj in this ayah means water that is so salty it burns the mouth. Clearly, it implies the meaning of aggravation.
In this time of fiten, our naseeha (advice) in this part of the earth is: think globally but please, please, please act locally.
When the gangsters surrounded the house of the third caliph Uthman (radiyAllahu‘anhu) and prevented him from attending salaatul jamaa’ah (congregational prayer) in the masjid and salatul jumuah, the sahabah came to defend him. Uthman (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) said, “I am the ameer (leader) and I don’t want any bloodshed on my behalf.” He said they could help him by providing the household food and drink. Eventually Uthman (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) was martyred in his home.
Hasan (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) was given allegiance by half the ummah to become the fifth caliph. After six months of ruling, he said not a single drop of blood should be shed over the political disagreement among the ummah regarding his appointment as the ameer so he stepped down from his political position. He made this decision for the stability of Islam and the safety of the Muslims. Where do we stand today from these teachings? This great imam made the political sacrifice and thus made peace between the ummah. The year in which he resigned from his political position was known as ‘aamul jamaa’ah: the year of mending relations between the ummah. Imam Hasan’s wife poisoned him to death because she could no longer be the first lady of the ummah as a result of his political decision. Whether or not Imam Hasan (radiyAllahu anhu) stepped down from his political position, shahada was his taqdeer, and he indeed gained shahadah (martyrdom) in his home (due to his wife poisoning him).
Therefore, in the time of fiten (confusion/chaos), let us keep our tongues in our mouths and make dua to Allah that He guides the ummah and keeps steadfast those who are standing upright, as Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) taught us:
Allahumma arinal-haqqa haqqan warzuqnat-tiba'ah, wa arinal-batila batilan warzuqnaj-tinabah, bi rahmatika ya arhamar-rahimeen.
O Allah! Let us see the truth as truth, and bless us to hold on to it and follow it. And show us the falsehood as falsehood, and bless us with staying away from it, with Your mercy, O Most Merciful!
We conclude with the hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam): “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak what is good or remain silent.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
THERE NEVER WAS AND NEVER WILL BE AN ISLAMIC STATE
Our nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) never had an Islamic state and there will never be an Islamic state. There will be countries where Muslims will comprise the majority of the population. In these countries, Muslims will live under the shariah law and the Jews and Christians will live according to their laws. The Muslim pays zakah and the non Muslim pays the Islamic tax (jizyah), which is the tax for the services that the non Muslims benefited from. In Madinah, Muslims lived under the shariah law (which is the 10 commandments) but the non Muslims lived according to their laws. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) never forbade the Jews and the Christians from following their laws.
Science affirms with no shadow of doubt the existence of a Khaaliq, Creator. Many claimed to be God in the past, but no one claimed to be the Khaaliq. Listening to this discussion will insha Allah cause the tawheed in your heart to shine.
You can read the English translation of "Fiqh us sunnah" at this link: http://islamfuture.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/fiqh-us-sunnah-five-volumes.pdf
With a lot of regret and deep sorrow we state that the ummah could not produce the likes of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shaafi'ee, and Imam Malik and other great scholars because we're paying attention to the dunya. These great scholars started the expedition to seek and provide for the next generation. Alhamdulillah their works are available but we desperately need scholars in every generation. We need heroes to complement the scholars of the earlier generation.
If you have benefited from this website, please make dua for our teacher, Shaykh Ali Ruqayya, may Allah preserve him. Aameen.
Eid mubarak to everybody! We will be celebrating Eid ul Fitr on Thursday August 8, 2013 with Makkah Mukarramah insha Allah.
It has been scientifically proven that every lunar month lasts for 29 days and 10.5 hours (approximately 29 and a half days). This being said, the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam left no room for ambiguity by teaching us that if the new moon is hidden by clouds on the 29th day of the lunar month, then we must complete thirty days of the month.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, “Fast when you see it (the new moon) and break your fast when you see it, and if it is cloudy then complete the number (of days – i.e., assume the month is thirty days).” (Bukhari and Muslim).
We must say the takbeers on Eid, while going for and coming back from the eid salah. Instead of listening to the Qur'an or radio as you drive, say the takbeers of eid aloud in your car. We enjoy this day of Eid which is a blessing from Allah, and we declare His greatness by saying the takbeers, following the example of Rasulullah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam).
The following are the takbeers of eid in Arabic:
The translation can be found on this link: http://www.islamawareness.net/Eid/takbeers.html
Also, on Eid, we should go to the musalla via one route and return via a different route, so we can pass by different places, spreading the air of celebration in the different areas.
Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah (radiyAllahu anhu) said: On the day of Eid, the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) would vary his route, i.e., he would go via one route and come back via a different route. [Bukhari]
Question: What should a person do if he/she cannot attend the eid salah or misses it?
Answer: If a person cannot attend the eid salah or misses it, he/she should pray the 2 rakahs of sunnah salah of eid individually afterwards. In Toronto, the eid salah is offered between 9 and 11 AM. Some places have earlier times, like the Bosnian Islamic Centre, where the eid salah time on August 8 is 8:30 AM. If you are at home and cannot go to pray salatul eid, you should say the takbeers of eid in your home and pray the 2 rakah sunnah of salatul eid at home. The eid salah consists of a total of eight takbeers in the first rakah and a total of six takbeers in the second rakah (including the first takbeer: takbeeratul ihraam). Apart from this difference, the salah is the same. Therefore, after the eighth takbeer in the first rakah, we recite suratul Fatiha and another surah, and after the sixth takbeer in the second rakah, we recite suratul Fatiha and another surah.
Scroll down on the following link to listen to the "Lives of the Prophets." http://www.kalamullah.com/anwar-alawlaki.html
ZAKAATUL FITR, ZAKAATUL MAAL, AND SADAQA
Zakatul fitr is the obligatory zakat that must be paid at the end of the month of Ramadan to the poor/needy. It is a must on every person in the household. If a child is born before fajr salah on Eid day, then zakatul fitr must be paid for him/her.
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Let them (the poor/needy) not beg on this day.” [al-Baihaqi] Therefore, it is clear that zakatul fitr should reach the poor/needy before Eid so that they don’t have to resort to begging on the day of Eid.
In Toronto, Canada, the zakatul fitr should be $10/person.
Zakaatul maal is the obligatory zakah that must be paid to its rightful owners among the eight categories of people (see below) yearly if one’s total savings equal the nisaab. Nisaab is the minimum of one's holdings liable to zakah. The nisaab in Canadian dollars is $100.
Annually, you must take stock of your total savings/assets (cash, bonds, RRSPs) and pay 2.5% of the nisaab ($100) or nisaab multiples ($200, $1000, $1500) on the conditions that your savings have reached the value of the nisaab and you are not in debt/owe anyone anything.
The following is an example:
Last Ramadan, I had saved $100. Therefore, the zakaatul maal I had to give was $2.50 (2.5% of $100).
This Ramadan, I have saved $1085. Therefore, the zakaatul maal I have to give is $25 (2.5% of $1000). The zakah is due on the $1000 only, not on the $85 because zakah is due on every $100 only (nisab).
The car you drive and the house you live in is zakah-free. If you possess gold/silver/livestock, etc, you must determine the worth of these assets in terms of your currency and assess how much zakah you need to give by multiplying the value in dollars by 2.5%.
The eight categories of people who are eligible to receive zakatul maal are mentioned in surah tawbah, ayah 60:
“Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler - an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise.”
These eight categories of people are the rightful owners of zakaatul maal. If you know someone who is zakah-eligible, you can give them the zakah directly and if you do not, please give the zakah to an organization that is trusted to give zakah to the rightful owners.
Among the eight categories of people to whom zakaatul maal can be given are the poor and needy. Note that zakaatul fitr can be shared among the needy Muslims and non Muslims. However, zakaatul maal is the right of the needy Muslims only.
Apart from zakatul fitr and zakatul maal, everything else that you spend in the way of Allah is sadaqa (optional charity).
EID GIFT: LET’S REVIVE THE SUNNAH!
“Eid” is an Arabic word which means “that which returns over and over again.” How perfect a name for a biannual celebration!
On Eid, Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam closed every masjid in Madinah and told every Muslim to go to the musalla (open field for praying salah). Musalla is an area other than a masjid that can accomodate the community in the neighbourhood for praying salah. This can be a fairground, soccer field, banquet hall etc. It is preferable if it is an open space like a fairground but if it is not (like a banquet hall), there is no problem.
Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam never prayed salatul eid in the masjid. Rather, he prayed it in a musalla always.
Every Muslim should go out and attend salatul eid at the musalla. This includes children and married, single, young, old, or menstruating women.
Umm 'Atiyah (radiyAllahu ‘anha) said: "We were instructed to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two 'eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women would be separate from the others." [Bukhari and Muslim]
While the menstruating women cannot attend the prayer places in the masjid, they can and must attend the musalla, while being separate from the area where salah is being offered, as per the statement of Umm ‘Atiyah (radiyAllahu ‘anha).
It is a matter of deep regret to realize that 40 years ago in Toronto, Canada, salatul eid was performed in the musalla, and now we see it being offered in masaajid. We need to revive the sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam and offer salatul eid in the musalla.
Due to the large Muslim population in Toronto, we should have a musalla in the north, east, south, and west ends of the city.
May ALLAH help us follow the way of His beloved messenger, Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in all our daily actions. Aameen.
SALAM TO FOOD/DRINK FASTING
WELCOME TO EMOTIONAL/PSYCHOLOGICAL FASTING!
Note: Abbreviation example: [5:2] = surah 5, ayah 2
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, "Perhaps a fasting person will receive nothing from his fasting except hunger and thirst." [Ibn Majah, ad-Darimi, Ahmad and al-Bayhaqi]
The true fasting person will witness two joyful occasions for his/her proper fasting. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “For the fasting person there are two times of joy; a time when he breaks his fast and a time of joy when he meets his Lord.” [Bukhari]
The virgin Maryam (‘alayha salam) after delivering Isa (‘alayhi salam) was told by Allah that if she encounters any being, she should say, “I am fasting from talking.” [19:26]
When Zakariyya (‘alayhi salam) was given the good tidings of a son (Yahya ‘alayhi salam) in his old age, he asked Allah how he could show his gratitude for this blessing. Allah told him to fast from talking for three days and three nights. [19:10]
Ramadan trains us to fast from food and drink which are necessities of life, so that we can attain taqwa (sharp awareness of Allah). [2:183]
Allah says about taqwa in the Qur’an:
“O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. And the clothing of taqwa - that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.” [7:26]
The purpose of fasting in Ramadan is to attain the libaas (clothing) of taqwa so this libaas lasts you for the next eleven months until the next Ramadan arrives.
When you are fasting, you should not indulge in vain talk or be ignorant, and if anyone insults you, your reply should be: “I am fasting, I am fasting.” [Bukhari] While the one who is insulting you may not stop behaving ignorantly towards you after you say this, the benefit of saying “I am fasting, I am fasting” is that it reminds you that you are fasting psychologically/emotionally because fasting from food and drink should elevate you to the level of taqwa, where your heart, mind, eyes, and ears are all fasting.
Therefore, siyaam (fasting) teaches one self-discipline. If someone tries to fight you, you should bite your anger and rise from the state of ignorance, expecting the compensation from Allah for sabr (patience).
Ibn Umar (radiyAllahu anhu) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “There is nothing which is swallowed that has a greater reward with Allah than a servant who swallows his rage, seeking thereby the countenance of Allah.” [Ibn Majah]
Abu Umamah (radiyAllahu anhu) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “I guarantee a house on the outskirts of Paradise for the one who leaves arguing even if he is right, and a house in the middle of Paradise for the one who leaves lying even when joking, and a house in the highest part of Paradise for the one who makes his character excellent.” [Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisai, and Ibn Majah]
We must strive to be among those who speak only if they have something good to say and remain silent otherwise. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should say what is good or remain silent.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
[Moses] said, "My Lord, expand for me my chest
And ease for me my task
And untie the knot from my tongue
That they may understand my speech.”
[Surah Taha, ayahs 25-28]
Musa ‘alayhi salam asked Allah to expand his chest to increase his tolerance, to make all affairs easy and loosen his tongue so that the people he speaks to understand exactly what he means.
Some sources state that when Musa ‘alayhi salam was an infant, pharaoh presented a date and a hot coal to him to test if he was a Jew and he chose the coal, burning his tongue and thus stuttering throughout his life. This is completely false and has no authentic source according to the Islamic tradition.
THE QAWWAMA NEEDS TO SHINE IN THIS MALE CHAUVINISTIC EARTH
ALLAH says in surah Zukhruf, ayahs 16-18:
“Or has He taken, out of what He has created, daughters and chosen you for [having] sons?”
“And when one of them is given good tidings of that which he attributes to the Most Merciful in comparison, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.”
So is one brought up in ornaments while being during conflict unevident [attributed to Allah]?
Those who disbelieved in Allah belittled the females and claimed that the angels were Allah’s daughters. Allah says: do you accuse Allah of taking females and you have males? When a female is delivered, their faces darken and they are grieved. How dare they (the father/males in the family) have this lousy attitude towards the blessing from Allah!
This is a male chauvinistic earth. Males’ incomes are higher than females even though their responsibilities are identical.
Allah freed Hawa from the original sin, and He explained to man what kind of creation the woman is. Allah describes the female as being brought up in ornaments. She comes in a beautiful life, as if she was in a chest of pearls. This description of the environment in which the female is raised in is an indication of how sensitive and fragile she is. Allah then says that when the female is angry and in an argument, she makes no sense, meaning she can’t present her case rationally when she is angry.
In ayah 18 there is a very important lesson for every man. While the woman is more capable of passion (mawaddah), the man is more capable of compassion (rahma). Allah says in surah nisaa, ayah 34: “Men are the qawwaamoon (maintainers/protectors) of women…” Part of the qawwamah (taking care of women) is to be compassionate when dealing with her because when she is angry she makes no sense and can’t present her case rationally. Therefore, the husband should respond with words like “Yes dear, yes dear” when his wife is angry. He should also forgive her and believe her if she says sometime later that she did not say anything bad to him when she was angry. This is true qawwaama (taking care of women) for the men and this qawwaama needs to shine in this male chauvinistic earth.
It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I was shown Hell and I have never seen anything more terrifying than it. And I saw that the majority of its people are women.” They said, “Why, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Because of their ingratitude (kufr).” It was said, “Are they ungrateful to Allaah?” He said, “They are ungrateful to their companions (husbands) and ungrateful for good treatment. If you are kind to one of them for a lifetime then she sees one (undesirable) thing in you, she will say, ‘I have never had anything good from you.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1052)
When the wife says, “I have never had anything good from you,” the husband should reply: “Yes dear, yes dear.” This is the lesson Allah is teaching us, and this is true qawwaama.
Each ayah of the Qur’an is a treasure. Allah urges every human being more than 500 times in the Qur’an to reflect on His Words. The explanation we have provided of these ayahs is not even a drop from the vast ocean of Qur’anic wisdom and jewels. We need to reflect upon the Qur’an and read between the lines. Our scholars, like Brother Ali share the fruits of reflection with us. May ALLAH preserve him and all the scholars and may Allah help us to reflect and act upon the aayaat of the Qur’an. Aameen.
Abbreviation example: (5:2)= surah 5, ayah
ALLAH loves us and He favoured us over all His creation. Shaytan, who is a fragile, ignorant creature, after being chased out of the rahma (mercy) of ALLAH, requested ALLAH for some ability to play with us. It takes a fool to play with a fool. Everyone has power over the fool. ALLAH told Shaytan that he could only play with those who don’t love ALLAH. So, when Shaytan tries to play with us, let us bring a little more love for ALLAH than what we currently have. Before we describe how we exhibit true love for Allah through our actions, it is important to learn about what Allah teaches us about Shaytan:
1. All Shaytan can do is whisper and invite us towards the bad deeds. He can’t do anything else. This is made clear from the following hadith: Sahabah came to the Rasul (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and they said, “O Rasulullah we are having thoughts in our chest, that we would prefer to be burned in an oven than to have these thoughts.” So the Prophet replied, “Praise be to ALLAH who reduced Shaytan’s plot to only whispering.” (Ahmad and Ibn Hibban). On the Day of Judgement, Shaytaan will admit that he had no authority over any person and all he could do was invite to the disobedience of Allah’s commands and the wrong doers responded to him. He will say, “Do not blame me but blame yourselves.” (14:22)
2. The effect of Shaytan’s whisper is purely psychological/emotional. It is not physical/biological. The “touch” in ayah 201 of surah al a’raaf refers only to the psychological and emotional effect of Shaytan’s whisper.
3. Shaytan tries to distract us from doing good deeds such that we forget about doing them (18:63; 12:42). This is why ALLAH says that if we are sitting among people who are making fun of the religion of Allah, backbiting, etc, we must leave. Otherwise, Shaytan will distract us and we will forget about leaving (6:68).
4. Shaytan did not want to be destroyed by the sound of the trumpet, which will be blown by the angel Israfeel (‘alayhi salam) before the Day of Judgement occurs. For this reason, he asked Allah to grant him an extension to his life till the Day of Judgement. Allah told Shaytan that he is granted an extension to a time known only to Allah, not to what Shaytan requested. (7:14-15).
5. Shaytan said that he will come to us from before us, from behind us, from our right, and from our left but he never said that he will go inside of or penetrate a person. It is very important to understand that Shaytan cannot go inside of nor penetrate anyone. (7:17)
6. Allah says in surah al-a’raaf, ayah 20: “But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them (Adam and Hawa) that which was concealed from them of their saw’aat…” It is very important to understand the meaning of saw’aat in this ayah. Saw’aat does not mean private parts in this ayah. It means disobedience to Allah or sinning. Until Shaytan whispered to Adam and Hawa (‘alayhima salam), they did not know that they were capable of disobeying Allah/sinning. Shaytan revealed this fact to them by whispering to them.
The following are effective measures to delete Shaytan’s whispers. They are evidences of our love for Allah:
1. Taqwa (sharp awareness of Allah): Allah says He has given us libaas (clothing), while the libaas of taqwa is best. (7:26). If Adam and Hawa (‘alayhima salam) had the libas of taqwa, they would not have disobeyed Allah. Thus, when one does not have taqwa and is far from ar Rahmaan, the person is prone to the work of Shaytan. Allah out of His infinite mercy and love, blessed us with a school to gain taqwa. This school is the month of Ramadan, the month of taqwa (2:183).
2. Dhikr of Allah: “Indeed, those who have taqwa of Allah - when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight.” (7:201). Allah teaches us to seek refuge with Him from Shaytan when we recite the Qur’an and whenever Shaytan whispers to us. (16:98; 7:200). Allah warns us from shunning away from His remembrance, following our desires, and clinging to worldly attachments because Shaytan catches up to and plays with the one who adopts such a bad example (7:175-177).
3. Remembrance of death: Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “Remember the destroyer of delicious things (i.e. death).”
4. Fasting shrinks the highways of Shaytan.
Recall that the effect of Shaytan’s whisper is not biological/physical. People are physically/biologically harmed because those who call themselves magicians, psychics, or voodoos mix material najas (impurities), dead bone, poisonous tree parts, etc, and turn them into a powder/liquid and if anyone consumes it, that person will be harmed by it. Jinn have nothing to do with it. These are human shaytans who instead of hating you, try to make you consume the material poison through your food and drink unknowingly. Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam did not go to any magician. The one who goes to the magician is a mushrik (one who associates partners with ALLAH). ALLAH says in surah Hajj, ayah 73: “O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.” A little fly takes away blood from someone’s body and the person can’t get it back from the fly. So how can any saahir bring back anything that someone lost? The saahir cannot. Both the seeker and sought are weak. It is only ALLAH who Grants and Withholds, and we must seek only from ALLAH because He is the only source of strength and bounty.
As a Muslim, all you need is water and dhikr to kill any whisper of Shaytan (38:41-43). When we pray salah, we use water to do wudu and then we recite the Qur’an (dhikr) in salah. When anything used to disturb the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, he would pray. ALLAH tells us in the Qur’an to seek help in patience and salah. (2:45). If anything disturbs us psychologically or emotionally, we should also do ruqya. The procedure can be found by scrolling down on the home page of this link: http://holdontothequranandsunnah.webs.com/ Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam did ruqya himself and told the ummah to make ruqya on the young who know not and the elder illiterate who know not. Those who are mature and know dhikr and salah can’t seek help from others because ALLAH says in surah Baqarah, ayah 186: “And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.” We ask from ALLAH alone, and He alone will answer us. May ALLAH grant us taqwa and istiqaama. Aameen.
This was a summary of the detailed version which can be read by scrolling down on this page.
The first of Ramadan is Wednesday, July 10, 2013. We will be fasting with Makkah Mukarramah inshaa Allah.
Allah says abstaining from food and drink should discipline one to abstain from psychological/emotional ills such as anger, animosity, backbiting, thus elevating the spirit to a higher level: the level of taqwa.
Allah says in surah baqarah, ayah 183:
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you so that you may gain taqwa.”
Taqwa is the sharp awareness of Allah.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: "He who does not give up false speech and evil actions, Allah does not need his refraining from food and drink." (Bukhari)
The following are some matters related to fasting:
1. If you are sick and require injections/needles/puffers/nasal sprays/eye drops, you can still fast because these are not forms of nourishment. When we fast, we cannot consume food/liquids for nourishment.
2. Miswak means “brush your teeth.” It does not mean “stick.” There is no restriction on brushing your teeth while you are fasting. You can use toothpaste, while being as careful as you are when you gargle for wudu, ensuring that you don’t eat the toothpaste. There is even miswak toothpaste available at grocery stores, so please benefit from it. Alhamdulillah, we can use toothpaste while fasting.
3. If you vomit unintentionally, your fast is still valid, because the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “Indeed, actions are judged by intentions.” (Bukhari & Muslim)
4. If you forgot you are fasting and ate/drank, then there is no problem. When you remember that you are fasting, you continue to fast and eat at sunset.
5. The Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said,” Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is barakah/blessing." (Bukhari and Muslim)
6. The two opinions in terms of the moon sighting are valid, if there are only two opinions. Saudi Arabia lives according to the hilal 365 days a year. Personally, for lack of Islamic leadership, we prefer to be wrong with Makkah than right with the hilal. This is our personal view, and Allah knows best.
7. Just as we stop eating/drinking when we hear “Allahu Akbar” of the fajr adhan, we do not delay the iftar for a second as well. We break the fast as soon as we hear “Allahu Akbar” of the maghrib adhan. Even if we don’t have food with us, we know that we are no longer fasting.
8. For those who can’t fast because of a medical illness or old age, they must feed the needy and they don’t have to ever make up the fasts that they missed. In Canada, the cost of suhoor and iftar for one person is $10. Thus, $300 must be paid to the needy. You can give your money to one person for 30 days or to 30 people in one day or whatever you see fit. For example, $300 is around 28,000 rupees in Pakistan. If a person wishes to give 14,000 rupees to one person for thirty days and 14,000 rupees to another person for thirty days, that is fine because that is what they see fit. The point is that $300 must be paid by the person who cannot fast to at least 30 needy persons in one day or 1 person for 30 days. If the $300 can feed more than those mentioned, alhamdulillah.
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“Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, "Be," and he was.”
Note: We learn from this ayah that the example of the creation of Isa (Jesus) peace be upon him is like the creation of Adam (peace be upon him).
Creation of Adam: dust + Be (command of ALLAH) -->Adam
Creation of Hawa: cell from Adam+ Be (command of ALLAH)--> Hawa
Creation of Jesus: womb of the virgin Maryam (Mary) + Be (command of ALLAH) -->Jesus
Creation of every other human: mother + father+ Be (command of ALLAH)-->every human other than the three above
Based on the above, we understand:
1) Adam had no parents.
2) Jesus only had a mother: the virgin Mary (peace be upon her). He had no father.
3) Hawa was created from the cell of Adam. The cell from Adam was the “father” of Hawa. She had no mother.
4) Every human other than Adam, Hawa, and Jesus (peace be upon them all) have both a mother and father.
THE INNOCENT HUMAN WHO INHERITED THE WAR OF THE FIRST HUMAN
ALLAH says in surah isra, ayahs 61-62:
And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, "Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?"
[Iblees] said, "Do You see this one whom You have honoured above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few."
Note: We learn from these ayahs that Shaytan refused to respect Adam (peace be upon him) by not prostrating to him and he declared war on Adam before the creation of Hawa. The prostration of the angels was out of respect, not worship.
ALLAH says in surah nisaa, ayah 1:
“O mankind, have taqwa of your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.”
Note: The nafs referred to in this ayah is that of Adam (peace be upon him). From Adam, ALLAH created Hawa; she is a part of Adam. We are all the offspring of Adam and Hawa.
The war began between Shaytan and Adam, not Hawa. After marrying Adam, she and her offspring inherited the animosity without asking for it, becoming the enemies of Shaytan automatically. Hence the title of this section: The innocent human (Hawa) who inherited the war of the first human (Adam).
ALLAH says in surah ta-ha, ayahs 115-116:
And We had already taken a promise from Adam before, but he forgot; and We found not in him determination.
And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except Iblees; he refused.
Note: While Shaytan misled both Adam and Hawa, it was Adam who was forewarned by ALLAH (surah ta ha, ayah 115). After leaving jannah, the struggle began in the dunya. It is very important to note that the struggle to provide for one’s self and family in this dunya is required of the male, not of the female. The woman is the queen of her home and man is the hunter. Whenever circumstances are such that the woman needs to work outside of her home, it is considered overtime and the husband must appreciate his wife’s efforts. ALLAH created man such that he is able to provide for his family. ALLAH created the female to take care of her household and family.
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The leader of the people is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects: a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for his subjects, a woman is the guardian of her husband’s home and of his children and is responsible for them, and the slave of a man is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it. Surely, everyone of you is a shepherd and responsible for his flock.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Also, any wealth a woman earns belongs to her. Her husband has no right over what she earns before marriage. If the woman wishes to spend on her husband from her savings before the marriage, that is her choice and she will be rewarded for it.
'Amr bin Al-Harith narrated that Zainab, the wife of 'Abdullah said, "I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) saying, 'O women! Give alms even from your ornaments.' "Zainab used to provide for 'Abdullah and those orphans who were under her protection. So she said to 'Abdullah, "Will you ask Allah's Apostle whether it will be sufficient for me to spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under my protection?" He replied "Will you yourself ask Allah's Apostle?" (Zainab added): So I went to the Prophet and I saw there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the Prophet) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal passed by us and we asked him, 'Ask the Prophet whether it is permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans under my protection.' And we requested Bilal not to inform the Prophet about us. So Bilal went inside and asked the Prophet regarding our problem. The Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) asked, "Who are those two?" Bilal replied that she was Zainab. The Prophet said, "Which Zainab?" Bilal said, "The wife of 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ood)." The Prophet said, "Yes, (it is sufficient for her) and she will receive a double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat." (Bukhari)
From this hadith, we understand: If a woman enters the marriage with her own wealth/dowry, that is hers to keep/invest. If her husband and children are so poor and are among the eight categories of people to whom sadaqa can be given, then she will gain two rewards for spending on them: one reward for helping her relatives and one for sadaqa. Also, the husband has 110% right to prevent his wife from going to work. Based on this we advise every boy/girl thinking of marriage to discuss after-marriage financial aspects before they get married to prevent heartache after marriage.
Furthermore, the female portion in inheritance is half of the man’s portion. It is understood that the female inherits far more than the man because unlike the man, she has no responsibility to provide for anyone. Plus, it is the duty of her husband, the brothers, and uncles, to take care of her and provide for her regardless of the wealth she earns and inherits. Glory be to ALLAH, who elevated the status of the woman and gave her unmatched rights, the likes of which cannot be found in history.
Answer: If water does not reach any part of the limbs intentionally, the wudu is invalid.
It is permissible to wipe over the socks/cast/hijab conditionally that you wore them after performing wudu/ablution.
For the traveller, the period of wiping over the socks/cast/hijab is three days and three nights. For the resident, the period of wiping over the socks/cast/hijab is one day and one night.
By qiyas, some scholars have issued the fatwa that one can wipe/do mas’h over the nail polish, on the condition that she applied the nail polish after performing wudu. Furthermore, she can only wipe over the nail polish for a period of one day and one night. For example, if the lady makes wudu at Fajr and then applies nail polish, she can wipe over the nail polish for the dhuhr, asr, maghrib, and isha prayers. The next day before she prays the fajr prayer, she must remove the nail polish and do wudu, otherwise her wudu will be invalid because the period of wiping over the nail polish will have terminated at Fajr of the next day.
It is to be noted that this is fatwa, not taqwa.
It is also important to understand that any accessory besides kuhl and henna on the hand must not be announced/displayed to the opposite gender. The woman who wears nail polish must wear gloves in front of the male non mahrams and the woman who wears make-up must wear a niqab in front of the male non mahrams. This is because ALLAH says in the Qur’an:
And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.
Among the things we learn from this ayah is that ALLAH commands the believing women to not intentionally make noise with their feet to attract the opposite gender by causing any hidden accessories (anklets, etc) to sound. If the hidden accessories must not be announced to attract the opposite gender, then what about what is apparent (make up, nail polish)? It is clear that it is forbidden in Islam to make any accessory (make up, nail polish) apparent to the opposite gender lest it attracts them.
SHAYTAN WILL COME TO YOU WHEN YOU ARE FAR FROM AR-RAHMAN
ALLAH says in surah al-a’raaf, ayah 26 about the libaas (clothing) of taqwa:
“O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of taqwa - that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.”
When a Muslim loses the libas of taqwa, he becomes far from ar-Rahmaan.
ALLAH loves us and He favoured us over all His creation. Shaytan, who is a fragile, ignorant creature, after being chased out of the rahma (mercy) of ALLAH, requested ALLAH for some ability to play with us. It takes a fool to play with a fool. Everyone has power over the fool. ALLAH told Shaytan that he could only play with those who don’t love ALLAH. So, when Shaytan tries to play with us, let us bring a little more love for ALLAH than what we currently have. What better way to love ALLAH than to learn about Him and His Love for us through His Words: the Qur’an! Not only will our love for ALLAH increase as we read and reflect over the words of ALLAH, our hearts will gain the serenity that nothing else can provide. It is then, with this inner peace, that we will be able to work to please ALLAH while warding off Shaytan’s whispers by seeking refuge with ALLAH.
ALLAH says in surah ar-ra’d, ayah 28:
“Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured."
Dhikr of ALLAH is the remedy against Shaytan. ALLAH teaches us that when we read the Qur’an, we must seek refuge with ALLAH from Shaytan. He says in surah an Nahl, ayahs 98-100:
“So when you recite the Qur'an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].”
“Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.”
“His authority is only over those who take him as an ally and those who through him associate others with Allah.”
ALLAH says in surah al-a’raaf, ayahs 200-201:
“And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Satan, then seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He is Hearing and Knowing.”
Note: All Shaytan can do is invite us towards the bad deeds through either people or jinn (as we learn in surah naas). He can’t do anything else. This is made clear from the following hadith:
Sahabah came to the Rasul (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and they said, “O Rasul (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) we are having thoughts in our chest, that we would prefer to be burned in an oven than to have these thoughts.” So the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) replied, “Praise be to ALLAH (subhanahu wa ta’aala) who reduced Shaytan’s plot to only whispering.” (Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Hibban).
It was not Shaytan who chewed the food for our parents, Adam and Hawa ‘alayhima salam, nor did Shaytan throw Yusuf ‘alayhi salam in the well. Our parents ate the food and Yusuf ‘alayhi salam’s brothers threw him in the well. They accepted the invitation of Shaytan towards the sin. When they repented to ALLAH, they were forgiven by ALLAH, the Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
“Indeed, those who fear Allah - when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight.”
Note: The “touch” in this ayah refers to only to the psychological and emotional effect of Shaitan’s whisper. It is not biological/physical.
People get physically/biologically harmed because those who call themselves magicians, psychics, or voodoos mix material najas (impurities), dead bone, poisonous tree parts, etc, and turn them into a powder/liquid and if anyone consumes it, that person will be harmed by it. Jinn has nothing to do with it. These are human shaytans who instead of hating you, try to make you consume the material poison through your food and drink unknowingly. This is why it is correct to state that magic means the hand is faster than the eye in harming a person.
Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam did not go to any magician. The one who goes to the magician is a mushrik (one who associates partners with ALLAH). Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam did ruqya himself and told the ummah: I will make ruqya on the young who know not and the elder illiterate who know not. Those who are mature and know dhikr and salah can’t seek help from others because ALLAH says in the Qur’an in surah Baqarah, ayah 182:
“And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.”
We ask from ALLAH alone, and He alone will answer us.
ALLAH says in surah al an’aam, ayahs 112-113:
“And thus We have made for every prophet an enemy - devils from mankind and jinn, inspiring to one another decorative speech in delusion. But if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so leave them and that which they invent.”
“And [it is] so the hearts of those who disbelieve in the Hereafter will incline toward it and that they will be satisfied with it and that they will commit that which they are committing.”
ALLAH says in surah Ibraheem, ayah 22:
“And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, "Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah ] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment."”
Note: On the Day of Judgement, Shaytaan will admit that he had no authority over any person and all he could do was invite to the disobedience of Allah’s commands and the wrong doers responded to him. He will say, “do not blame me but blame yourselves.”
ALLAH says in surah Hajj, ayah 73:
“O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.”
A little fly takes away blood from someone’s body and the person can’t get it back from the fly. So how can any saahir bring back anything that someone lost? The saahir cannot. Both the seeker and sought are weak. It is only ALLAH who Grants and Withholds, and we must seek only from ALLAH because He is the only source of strength and bounty. witholds ar ai wanted to kill any thought that may have arisen by explaining to them that he was with his wife.lahu 'o don;t r
ALLAH says in surah Saad, ayahs 41-43:
“And remember Our servant Job, when he called to his Lord, "Indeed, Satan has touched me with hardship and torment."”
[So he was told], "Strike [the ground] with your foot; this is a [spring for] a cool bath and drink."
“And We granted him his family and a like [number] with them as mercy from Us and a reminder for those of understanding.”
As a Muslim, all you need is water and dhikr. How? When we pray salah, we use water to do wudu and then we recite the Qur’an (dhikr) in salah. When anything used to disturb the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, he would pray. ALLAH tells us in the Qur’an to seek help in patience and salah. (Surah Baqarah, ayah 45). If anything disturbs us psychologically or emotionally, we should also do ruqya. The procedure can be found on this website by scrolling down on the home page. http://holdontothequranandsunnah.webs.com/
ALLAH says in surah Baqarah, ayah 102:
“And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.”
ALLAH says in surah al a’raaf, ayahs 116-118:
“He said, "Throw," and when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people and struck terror into them, and they presented a great sihr.”
Note: They presented a mighty trick, hypnotising the viewers with the ropes turning into something else.
“And We inspired to Moses, "Throw your staff," and at once it devoured what they were falsifying.”
“So the truth was established, and abolished was what they were doing.”
Note: They brought falsehood: magic, trick, hypnotising. One must be a willing participant for the magic to overtake him/her.
ALLAH says in surah Yunus, ayah 81:
“And when they had thrown, Moses said, "What you have brought is [only] magic. Indeed, Allah will expose its worthlessness. Indeed, Allah does not amend the work of corrupters.”
ALLAH says in surah Kahf, ayah 63:
“He said, "Did you see when we retired to the rock? Indeed, I forgot [there] the fish. And none made me forget it except Satan - that I should mention it. And it took its course into the sea amazingly".”
Note: Why did he forget? He forgot because Shaytan busied/distracted/preoccupied him with something else till he forgot to tell Moses that the fish had jumped into the sea.
ALLAH says in surah Yusuf, ayah 42:
“And he said to the one whom he knew would go free, "Mention me before your master." But Satan made him forget the mention [to] his master, and Joseph remained in prison several years.”
Note: In this ayah as well, we learn that Shaytan distracted the man who was freed from prison, and because he was distracted, he forgot to inform the king about Yusuf ‘alayhi salam. Due to this, Yusuf ‘alayhi salam remained in prison for several more years.
ALLAH says in surah al-an’aam, ayah 68:
“And when you see those who engage in [offensive] discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they enter into another conversion. And if Satan should cause you to forget, then do not remain after the reminder with the wrongdoing people.”
Note: ALLAH tells us in this ayah that if we are sitting among people who are making fun of the religion of Allah, backbiting, etc, we must leave. Otherwise, Shaytan will distract us and we will forget about leaving.
ALLAH says in surah Ta Ha, ayah 124-126:
“And whoever turns away from My remembrance - indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.”
“He will say, "My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing?"”
[ Allah ] will say, "Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten."
Note: Such a person was distracted from the signs of ALLAH, thus forgetting them.
ALLAH says in surah al-a’raaf, ayahs 175-177:
“And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of him to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators.”
We learn from this ayah that when someone shuns away from the dhikr of Allah, then Shaytan will catch up to him. Hence, the title: Shaytan will come to you when you are from ar-Rahmaan.
“And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.”
We learn from this ayah that the example of this person is like a dog, who pants regardless of whether he is chased or left alone. If ALLAH wanted, He would have protected this person but the person didn’t want it because such a person is one who shuns away from the dhikr of ALLAH, follows his desires, and is attached to the worldly delights (clinging to the earth). ALLAH warns us from adopting such a bad example. We must therefore struggle against our nafs and not follow our desires, and seek to please ALLAH alone. Our hearts should love ALLAH and His Messenger more than anything else.
“How evil an example [is that of] the people who denied Our signs and used to wrong themselves.”
Shunning away from the dhikr of ALLAH is detrimental for us just as a malfunctioning oxygen tank is detrimental for the diver. Dhikr is like oxygen for us. Without oxygen, the diver will suffocate. Without the dhikr of Allah, we will not be protected from Shaitan’s whispers.
Our nafs needs to be connected to ALLAH all the time by the dhikr of ALLAH. The nafs is like a submarine. The smallest opening in the submarine will lead to its destruction. Similarly, if the nafs is not 100% sealed by the dhikr of ALLAH, Shaytan will be able to catch up to him/her and play around with the person by whispering to him/her. The only source of energy is dhikr. ALLAH says in surah adh-dhaariyaat, ayah 56:
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.”
We worship ALLAH by remembering Him and seeing, hearing, saying, and doing only what pleases Him.
Also, by remembering death, Shaytan’s whispers are deleted. Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “Remember the destroyer of delicious things (i.e. death).”
Fasting also helps to shrink the highways of Shaytan.
Once Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam was observing i'tikaf (seclusion) in the masjid and his wife Safiyyah radiyAllahu ‘anha went to see him. The Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam then accompanied her to his house when she was leaving. On the way he met two companions from Ansar who were passing by. They sped up their pace when they saw him. He called them and said, "This is my wife Safiyyah bint Huyay." They said, "We never thought any ill thought about you O Messenger of Allah" The Prophet said, "Satan flows inside the human being like blood."(Bukhari and Muslim)
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam wanted to kill any thought that may have arisen by explaining to them that he was with his wife.
Note about the nafs: There are 3 stages of the nafs:
1) Nafs ammaara bis-soo’: nafs inclining towards the evil.
2) Nafs al-lawwaamah: nafs that blames itself after doing wrong.
3) Nafs al-mutma’innah: nafs that is tranquil. This stage is only reached when one is on the death bed.
ALLAH says in surah al-a’raaf, ayahs 14-26:
[Satan] said, "Grant me respite until the Day they are resurrected."
Note: Shaytan did not want to be destroyed by the sound of the trumpet, which will be blown by the angel Israfeel ‘alayhi salam before the Day of Judgement occurs. For this reason, he asked Allah to grant him an extension to his life till the Day of Judgement, so that he is not destroyed when the trumpet is blown.
(Allah) said: "You are of those allowed respite."
Note: Allah told Shaytan that he is granted an extension to a time known only to Allah, not to what Shaytan requested.
[Satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.
Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You]."
Note: Shaytan said that he will come to us from before us, from behind us, from our right, and from our left but he never said that he will go inside of or penetrate a person. It is very important to understand that Shaytan cannot go inside of or penetrate anyone.
[ Allah ] said, "Get out of Paradise, reproached and expelled. Whoever follows you among them - I will surely fill Hell with you, all together."
And "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."
But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their saw’aat. He said, "Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal."
Note: It is very important to understand the meaning of saw’aat in this ayah. Saw’aat does not mean private parts in this ayah. It means disobedience to Allah or sinning. Until Shaytan whispered to Adam and Hawa (may Allah be pleased with them), they did not know that they were capable of disobeying Allah/sinning. Shaytan opened this fact to them by whispering to them.
And he swore [by Allah ] to them, "Indeed, I am to you from among the sincere advisors."
So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, "Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?"
Note: When they ate from the tree forbidden to them by Allah, it was then that their private parts were uncovered, and so they began to cover themselves.
They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers."
[ Allah ] said, "Descend, being to one another enemies. And for you on the earth is a place of settlement and enjoyment for a time."
He said, "Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and from it you will be brought forth."
O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of righteousness - that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.
Note: Allah says He has given us libaas (clothing), while the libaas of taqwa is best. If Adam and Hawa (may Allah be pleased with them) had the libas of taqwa, they would not have disobeyed Allah. Thus, when one does not have taqwa (sharp awareness of Allah) and is far from ar Rahmaan, the person is prone to the work of Shaytan.
Allah out of His infinite mercy and love, blessed us with a madrasa/school to gain taqwa. This school is the month of Ramadan. Allah says in surah baqarah, ayah 183:
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may gain taqwa.”
Note: Ramadan is the month of taqwa. If we are blessed to reach it, we should strive to please Allah and gain His mercy and the taqwa of Allah.
May ALLAH make us among those who love Him and the Qur’an, and become of those who have taqwa of Him and engage in His dhikr constantly. Aameen.
You can read the book, "Love of Allah: Experience the Beauty of Salah" here: http://kalamullah.com/love-of-allah.html
You can read excerpts from Madarij-us-Salikeen here: http://www.kalamullah.com/Books/Madarij-us-Salikeen.pdf
Divorce is a solution, not a problem. It is among Allah’s gifts to the ummah that He (subhanahu wa ta’aala) dictated the rules of marriage and divorce.
ALLAH says in surah 4 (Nisaa), ayahs 19-21:
O you who believe! It is not halal (lawful) for you that you inherit the women against their will (while they don’t like you); and you shall not bar their marrying that you may take away part of what you have given them (the Mahr), except that they commit utterly clear adultery. And live with them with fairness and kindness; for even if you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah sets in it immense good.
And if you intend to substitute a wife for another wife and you have given the one of them a great deal, do not take from it anything. Will you take it by false accusation and as a manifest sin?
And how can you take it while there has attained each of you to the other and they have taken from you a solemn covenant?
Note: We learn from these ayahs that if divorce occurs, the man is not allowed to take anything back from the dowry/mahr.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 1:
O Prophet, if you divorce the wives, divorce them for their prescribed period and hold sharp account of the period; and beware of ALLAH, your Lord. Do not expel them out of their houses, nor shall they go away except in case they commit clear adultery. And these are the rulings/boundaries of ALLAH; And whoever transgresses the rulings of ALLAH he indeed wrongs himself. You do not know, maybe ALLAH will bring about after that an event (i.e. a reconciliation and reunion).
Note: The iddah (grace period) following the first and second talaq must be spent in the matrimonial home in the same bedroom, with only the intimacy removed. No one needs to know about it, and if the couple has children, they shouldn’t be aware of this. If any one dies during the iddah, the law of inheritance will fully take effect because the couple were still husband and wife, as the third talaq had not been given. During the iddah period, it is haram for the woman to accept any proposals and it is haram for any man to propose to her because she is still regarded as a wife.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 2:
Then when they reach their appointed term, retain them in a good manner or part with them in a good manner; and take as witnesses two impartial/just men of you and establish the testimony for the sake of ALLAH. That is wherewith is exhorted he who believes in ALLAH and the Last Day. And whoever has taqwa (sharp awareness) of ALLAH, He will make for him a way out.
Note: If the iddah (grace period) comes and goes, and the man still has the same intention of divorcing his wife, then two witnesses must be brought forth to complete the divorce, just as two witnesses were required for the marriage. The witnesses must be fair, steadfast, and upright. This is an advice from ALLAH to those who believe in Him and the Last Day.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 3:
And will give him provision in such a manner he cannot anticipate. And whoever relies on ALLAH He suffices him. Verily ALLAH attains His purpose. Indeed ALLAH has set for everything a measure.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 4:
And those of your women who have no hope of menstruation, if you have doubts (i.e. about the rule in such a case), then their iddah is three months, and for those who have not yet menstruated (it is also three months), and the term for the pregnant women is till they lay down their burden (i.e. deliver their babies). And whoever has taqwa (sharp awareness) of ALLAH, He will set for him in his affair ease.
Note: We learn from this ayah that the iddah of those women who have no hope of menstruation and the iddah of those who have not yet menstruated is three months. The iddah of the pregnant women is until they deliver.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 5:
That is ALLAH’s command which He has sent down to you. And whoever has taqwa (sharp awareness) of ALLAH, He will efface from him his sins and will enlarge for him in reward.
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 6:
Lodge them in the manner you reside according to your means (material circumstances), and do not harm/prejudice them in order to make it hard on them; and if they are pregnant, spend on them till they lay down their burden. Then if they suckle for you then pay them their remunerations. And have consultations between you (regarding the breast-feeding of the baby) in the approved manner, and if you mutually find hard, then there shall suckle for him another lady.
Note: We learn from this ayah that during the grace period (iddah), the men must make sure that their wives have a proper place to stay. The men must not harm their wives or make life difficult for them. They must spend on their wives if they are pregnant, and if the wife suckles the baby, the man must pay his wife. If they differ on the issue of suckling the baby, the man must hire someone to suckle the baby. Sisters and daughters in Islam, reflect on how beautiful the deen (religion) of Allah is!
ALLAH says in surah 65 (Talaaq), ayah 7:
Let there expend a person of affluence out of his affluence; and he on whom his provision is limited, he shall spend out of what ALLAH has given him. ALLAH does not burden anyone except as He has given him. ALLAH will set after difficulty, ease.
Note: We learn from this ayah that if the husband has been given plenty provision by ALLAH, then the husband must be super generous and give a lot. If the husband is poor, then he gives out of what he has. ALLAH does not burden anyone except with that which He has given him. It is the promise of ALLAH that He will cause ease to prevail after difficulty.
ALLAH says in surah 2 (Baqarah), ayah 231:
And if you divorce the wives and they mature their term (of abstinence), then keep them with equity or set them free with equity; and do not detain them adversely that you may assail [them] (to make them pay for their release). And whosoever does that indeed wrongs himself. And do not take up ALLAH’s revelations in jest; and remember ALLAH’s grace upon you and what He has sent down upon you of the Book and the wisdom wherewith He exhorts you; and beware of ALLAH and know that ALLAH is of everything All-Knowing.
Note: If the third talaaq is given, the ex-husband has no more right to marry the woman he divorced until she really marries someone else and then is divorced or her husband dies. Only then will the ex-husband have the right to propose and he can marry her, provided that they live according to the commands of ALLAH. When men divorce their wives two times and the iddah is over, they must either remarry their wives or let them go in the best manner (third divorce/talaaq). ALLAH orders men to not hold on to the women adversely to cause them harm. ALLAH warns that His signs must not be taken as a joke, and that His bounties should be remembered. ALLAH revealed the Qur’an as a reminder, full of wisdom. We must have taqwa (sharp awareness) of ALLAH and be certain that ALLAH knows everything.
ALLAH says in surah 2 (Baqarah), ayah 232:
And when you divorce the wives and they mature their terms, do not prevent them from marrying their husbands if they agree between them with fairness. This is whereof is advised those of you who are believing in ALLAH and the Last Day. This is the more befitting for you and the more purifying. And ALLAH knows while you do not know.
Note: In this ayah, ALLAH addresses the wali (guardian of the female: her father, or brother if the father is deceased, or her uncle, etc) that after the grace period (iddah) is over, the wali should not prevent the woman under his guardianship from returning to her husband if they (the man and woman) mutually agree, with kindness and fairness. If the man and woman reconcile in the best way, that is much better and purer for them, and ALLAH knows, while we do not know.
Brother Ali’s experience is that after the husband gives the divorce, during the grace period (iddah), the husband and wife should deal with each other as in the engagement period, because ALLAH says, you don’t know the changes He (ALLAH) can make to the hearts.
ALLAH says in surah 2 (Baqarah), ayah 233:
And the mothers shall suckle their children for two years in complete, for the one who intends/wants to complete the suckling; and on the father shall be their (the suckling mothers’) sustenance and their clothing according to equity—no one shall be burdened except up to one’s capacity—nor shall a mother be hurt on account of her child, nor any father on account of his child; and on the successor shall be the like of this. Then if they want weaning by mutual consent of the two, and consultation, no sin will lie on them; and if you desire to seek foster suckling for your children, there will be no sin on you if you pay up what you have given according to equity. [“If you pay up what you have given” means “if you pay up the mother for the period she has suckled on the basis of what you give to the wet nurse according to equity.” See Tafsir Ibn Kathir, I,418] And have taqwa (sharp awareness) of ALLAH and know that ALLAH is All-Seeing of what you do.
ALLAH says in surah baqarah, ayahs 228-229:
Divorced women remain in waiting for three periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have more right to take them back in this [period] if they want reconciliation. And due to the wives is similar to what is expected of them, according to what is reasonable. But the men have a degree over them [in responsibility and authority]. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
Divorce is twice. Then, either keep [her] in an acceptable manner or release [her] with good treatment. And it is not lawful for you to take anything of what you have given them unless both fear that they will not be able to keep [within] the limits of Allah. But if you fear that they will not keep [within] the limits of Allah, then there is no blame upon either of them concerning that by which she ransoms herself. These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah - it is those who are the wrongdoers.
Note: This is a serious threat to the men of the ummah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) because the qawwama (caretaking, providing for, etc) should shine at the hour of need, by following the commands of ALLAH as mentioned in this ayah (#229).
Summary of the categories of iddah for the woman divorced by talaaq:
If the woman is divorced by talaaq before the man has entered upon her and been alone with her, i.e., before intercourse or intimacy with her, then she does not have to observe any ‘iddah at all. Simply by virtue of the divorce it becomes permissible for her to marry another man. But if he has entered upon her and been alone with her and had intercourse with her, then she has to observe the ‘iddah (waiting period) which takes one of the following forms:
1 – If she is pregnant then her ‘iddah lasts until the pregnancy ends and she delivers, whether that is a long time or a short one. It may so happen that he divorces her in the morning and she gives birth at noon, in which case her ‘iddah is over. Or it may be that he divorces her in Muharram and she does not give birth until Dhu’l-Hijjah, so she remains in ‘iddah for twelve months. The point is that the ‘iddah of the pregnant woman lasts until she gives birth, no matter what the case, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is until they lay down their burden”
2 – If the woman is not pregnant and she menstruates (is of child-bearing age), then her ‘iddah is three complete menstrual cycles after the divorce, i.e., her period comes then she becomes pure, then her period comes again and she becomes pure, then her period comes again and she becomes pure. That is three complete menstrual cycles, regardless of whether the time between them is long or short. Based on this, if he divorces her and she is breastfeeding and does not menstruate until two years later, then she remains in ‘iddah until she has had three menstrual cycles, so she may stay in this state for two years or more. The point is that she should go through three complete menstrual cycles whether the time involved is long or short, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And divorced women shall wait (as regards their marriage) for three menstrual periods”
3 – If a woman does not menstruate, either because she is very young or old and past menopause, then her ‘iddah is three months, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the ‘Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubt (about their periods), is three months; and for those who have no courses [(i.e. they are still immature) their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise…”
4 – If a woman’s periods have ceased for a known reason and she will not menstruate again, such as if her uterus has been removed (hysterectomy), then she is like one who has passed menopause and her ‘iddah is three months.
5 – If her periods have ceased and she knows the cause, she should wait for the cause to cease and for her periods to return, then she should observe ‘iddah according to her menstrual cycle.
6 – If her periods have ceased and she does not know what caused that, then the scholars say that she should observe an ‘iddah of a full year, nine months for pregnancy and three months for ‘iddah.
These are the categories of ‘iddah for women divorced by talaaq.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Majmoo’at As’ilah tahumm al-Usrah al-Muslimah, p. 61-63.
Link to source: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/12667/iddah
ALLAH says in surah nisaa, ayah 128:
“And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of settlement between them - and settlement is best. And present in [human] souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear Allah - then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.”
Note: ALLAH says that if divorce must take place, it must take place in the best of manners. If you can’t live in peace, then separate in a better way. Br. Ali says divorce is declaring bankruptcy.
If a woman gives herself out of free will from marriage, saying, “My dear brother in Islam, I cannot be a wife to you,” the man should not become stubborn, harsh, or abusive to release her after taking all the steps to prevent the marriage from breaking apart. Man is a charitable creature. ALLAH says in the ayah that the woman “buy her freedom.” If a man really appreciates, then he gives her the freedom and does not take anything back.
The wife of Thaabit ibn Qays ibn Shammaas (radiyAllahu anhu) came to the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I do not find any fault with Thaabit ibn Qays in his character or his religious commitment, but I do not want to commit any act of kufr after becoming a Muslim.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to her, “Will you give back his garden?” Because he had given her a garden as her mahr. She said, “Yes.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to Thaabit: “Take back your garden, and divorce her.”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5273).
Note: We learn from this hadith that while Thaabit (radiyAllahu ‘anhu) had good deen and akhlaq, his wife had no emotional spot for him in her heart and thus requested for a divorce and was granted it on this basis by Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam. Thus, if a woman feels she can’t live with the man she married, then she has the right to ask for a divorce.
The iddah in the case of khula’ is one menstrual cycle, according to the sunnah.
The Qur’an is the only religious book or historic book that says to men: you must marry one woman only.
There is no religion that restricts to one wife. Exception: If there is a need, you men can take a second, third, or fourth, conditionally that you’ll be fair and just materially among them. ALLAH says in surah nisaa, ayah 3:
And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice].
Note: ALLAH says that men can never be emotionally just among their multiple wives. If the man’s heart tilts to one, then it should not tilt all the way.
More Lessons from the Story of Musa (Moses) ‘alayhi salam
By the grace of ALLAH, Moses was able to physically free the Israelites. At the same time, Egypt and all the people capable of running the country were crippled physically, emotionally, socially, and agriculturally. All these miracles of ALLAH were witnessed by the children of Prophet Yaqub (the Israelites), who were now physically free but psychologically and emotionally, they were still slaves to their whims and desires. The first sign of their slavery to their whims and desires was their asking Moses to make an idol for them. ALLAH, thus, in His ultimate wisdom and knowledge knew that it would take a whole generation before the Israelites would be cleansed of their habit of being told what to do, eat, wear, worship, etc. This habit was ingrained in them during pharaoh’s rule. So ALLAH decreed that they remain in a desert where there is no fertility, water, or shade so that when their children would come out of their mothers’ wombs, they would witness only the action of Almighty ALLAH: providing for their parents and them the only source of life, without any effort on the part of any human. Yet, with all the ease and provision that ALLAH provided them—shading them under a special cloud, giving them food to eat without any effort—despite all this, they were ungrateful to ALLAH for His favors. ALLAH says in Surah Baqarah, ayah 57: “And We shaded you with clouds and sent down to you manna and quails, [saying], "Eat from the good things with which We have provided you." And they wronged Us not - but they were [only] wronging themselves.” Even with full bellies and a nice shade, they would blaspheme and say that ALLAH has nothing to do with these miracles. Then, whenever they would feel hungry or thirsty, they would go to Moses and say, “Ask your God to give us.” They would not say, “our God” but would say “your God!” Despite all the favors that they were blessed with, they did not submit to ALLAH.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, "Miserable (or in great loss) is the worshipper of the dinar and dirham, and the worshipper of the striped silk cloak. If he is given anything, he is satisfied; but if not, he is unsatisfied". [Al-Bukhari Hadith # 2886]
It is so sad to realize how many Muslims fall into the situation this hadith refers to.
We have so much material, wealth, and we are so many in number, but we are as afraid as the Israelites were—loving dunya and hating death. As long as this situation is present in the ummah, it will be as disgraced and divided like the Israelites were in the desert.
One day the Israelites were very thirsty and thus Moses was inspired to strike the rock. Twelve springs of water came gushing out of it from the mercy of Allah. Had it not been for the mercy of Allah, the twelve tribes of the Israelites would have died of thirst in the unfertile desert. By the mercy of ALLAH, each tribe knew which spring it should drink from. ALLAH says in surah Baqarah, ayah 60:
And [recall] when Moses prayed for water for his people, so We said, "Strike with your staff the stone." And there gushed forth from it twelve springs, and every people knew its watering place. "Eat and drink from the provision of Allah, and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption."
What about the Muslims of today? The twelve springs are like the madhabs for us Muslims today: all the springs had one source (as all taps of water have one source, which is the well) and the source of the madhabs is the same—the Qur’an and the sunnah. Imam Shafi’i was the student of Imam Maalik. Imam Shaafi’i differed with Imam Maalik in many fatwas but whenever Imam Malik was mentioned before Imaam Shaafi’i, he would say that Imam Maalik is the best scholar. Imam Ahmed was the student of Imam Shaafi’i. Imam Ahmad would say about Imam Shaafi’i that Imam Shaafi’i is to the ummah like the sun is to the earth. All great scholars made the religion easy to follow. All the jamaa’at that invite to the sunnah as practiced by sahabah are on the right path.
Lessons from the Story of Musa (Moses) ‘alayhi salam
Moses is born
Moses was accused of being a terrorist while he was in his mother’s womb. Firawn (Pharaoh) had made it a strict policy to slaughter all the male Israelite newborns and spare the female Israelite newborns, who would work as maids.
ALLAH inspired Moses’ mother before she gave birth that if she was afraid for her son’s safety, she should breastfeed him, put him in a box, and throw him into the river. ALLAH inspired to her that He already planned to save Moses, even if she kept him in her home, but that if she did not have the courage to keep him at home, then she should do as directed. ALLAH guaranteed her that He will return Moses back to her and that no harm will come to him. ALLAH also inspired to her that He made it haram for him to eat from anyone besides her. He decreed that His enemy and the enemy of Moses (that is, Firawn) would take care of him. ALLAH bestowed His love on Moses, so no human being would see him except that he would love him. From this incident, we learn of the tawakkul (reliance upon ALLAH) of Moses’ mother.
Moses’ sister worked in the palace of Firawn. Moses’ mother told her daughter to follow the route of the box in which she placed Moses without anyone noticing her. Firawn had no children. ALLAH caused Asiya to catch sight of Moses in the box in the river and she told Firawn that we will take him as our son and he will be a comfort to our eyes.
When “meal time” came, Moses began to shout and scream. ALLAH made it haram for him to be fed from anyone but his mother, so Moses would not accept feeding from anyone else. Moses’ sister stepped in and told them that she knows a lady in her neighborhood to whom all the infants are brought for feeding. They asked this lady (the mother of Moses) to come to the palace to breastfeed Moses, but she refused to come, saying that she is a family woman but if they bring the child to her home, she would feed him. An infant is typically fed 4-6 times a day, on average. Just imagine, then! The son of the Pharaoh visiting the ghetto neighborhood 4-6 times every day. With the entourage and the special accommodations, the whole neighborhood benefited through Moses, as ALLAH had ordained it.
Moses, a refugee/fugitive, crosses the Sinai desert
Moses had been travelling for 2-3 weeks on foot in the Sinai desert, when one day he saw male shepherds watering their sheep, and two young ladies preventing their sheep from the water. Despite being overcome by hunger and fatigue, he could not stop himself from asking the two ladies what was the matter with them. They answered that they don’t free-mix with men so they don’t water their sheep till the male shepherds finish, and their father is a senior man. Moses watered their sheep for them and then took rest under the shade of a tree and supplicated to ALLAH:
My Lord! I am truly in desperate need of whatever good that You bestow on me!’
Soon one of the ladies came walking on modesty, telling Moses that our father is inviting you to our tent. She told her father, “Father, hire him. He is a strong and honest man.” Moses was a refugee and broke at that time. Prophet Shuayb (the father of the two young ladies) told Moses that he is safe and that he intends to give one of his daughters in marriage to him, and that Moses should serve him for eight years, and to make it ten if he is generous.
Moses accepted the gifts from ALLAH and within an hour, he went from being a refugee, hungry, and scared to be a man with a family and flock, by the mercy of ALLAH. If Moses had just asked for food in his supplication, he would have gotten the food. But he asked ALLAH for whatever good He would bestow on him. We humans usually focus on the least or minimum and forget the ultimate kingdom of ALLAH, the King of Kings. With ALLAH, it is always action and reaction. When we supplicate to Him, He always answers us.
ALLAH says in surah Baqarah, ayah 186:
“And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.”
Moses is chosen by God to proclaim His message
Moses, with his wife, children, flock of sheep and goat, begins his journey to return back to Egypt, to his family. While travelling, on one windy, cold night, Moses needed to start a fire to warm himself and his family. He saw a light above a mountain and told his family that he was going to go up there to ask if there’s a shorter way to reach their destination and to bring a burning brand from there. While approaching the light, he heard a voice: “Moses, take off your sandals, you’re in the valley of Tuwa, and I am your Lord.” Moses, scared, takes off his sandals, approaching the light. He hears the voice again. ALLAH asks Moses what is in his hand to make him feel comfortable. (Allahu Akbar! Subhaan Allah this is so beautiful! ALLAH knows what is in his hand but He asks to make Moses feel comfortable!) Moses says that this is my staff; I lean on it, I drag branches for my flock with it, and I have other uses for it too.” Moses wanted to lengthen the conversation, which is why he said that I have other uses for it too. Subhan ALLAH!
ALLAH told Moses to lay his staff on the ground. His staff then became a huge snake. Moses, taken aback, runs away from it and is scared. ALLAH tells Moses, “Don’t be scared. We will return the staff to its original state.” ALLAH trained Moses at this point because HE did not want Moses to be scared in front of the Pharaoh. This was practice or a workshop for Moses.
ALLAH then instructed Moses to put his hand under his armpit and bring it out. When Moses did so, his hand was shining white, like silver. ALLAH told Moses that these were two signs for him that would come up upon his request. How Generous is ALLAH to train His Prophet in these events! If Moses knew that the snake would return to its original state (the staff) while he threw it, he would not have been afraid. But that was part of the knowledge of al-ghayb (the unknown), which only ALLAH knows. People are afraid of the things they don’t know about.
Moses was commissioned by ALLAH to go the pharaoh who was claiming to be God. There is no greater sin or form of arrogance than this. The mercy of ALLAH is so huge that He ordered Moses to go and speak softly to pharaoh, while ALLAH is all-Powerful, all-Able. Moses was now ready to face pharaoh. He asked ALLAH: appoint my brother as a messenger with me because he is more eloquent than I and that my heart is strengthened with him. History has not witnessed a better gift than this, that Moses asked for his brother to be appointed with him in delivering the message of Islam. While one of Adam’s sons killed the other for marrying a woman and displayed an example of the ultimate selfishness possible, Moses displayed an example of the ultimate generosity and giving.
Some sources say that when Moses was an infant, pharaoh presented a date and a hot coal to him to test if he was a Jew and he chose the coal, burning his tongue and thus stuttering throughout his life. This is rubbish and has no authentic source according to the Islamic tradition.
Note: Moses ‘alayhi salam made the dua to ALLAH to expand his chest for him, and ALLAH expanded the chest of Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam without him asking for it. See surah Taha, ayah 25, and surah Sharh, ayah 1.
Upon reaching Egypt, Moses went to pharaoh’s palace and challenged him. The date for the challenge was set. Pharaoh gathered the best magicians and caused the majority of the people to witness the event. Pharaoh claimed to be god and he knew the magicians and requested them to defeat Moses. What kind of a god bargains with his slaves?! Pharaoh promised the magicians another piece of the pie if they defeat Moses. Around noon, when it was very warm, the marble floors of pharaoh’s palace began to heat up. Taking advantage of this time, the magicians laid their ropes which were full of mercury on the hot marble. Mercury moves when it is heated and thus, the ropes appeared to be snakes because of their movement. The ropes did not turn into snakes in reality, but hallucination overtook the sight of the viewers. ALLAH ordained Moses to lay down his staff. When the staff turned into a real snake, the masses and the magicians woke up from the deception and the magicians prostrated to the God of Moses on the spot. The stubborn pharaoh accused the magicians of conspiring with Moses against him and announced that he would kill them and crucify them on tree trunks. Within an instant, these magicians rejected pharaoh and his method and surrendered to ALLAH, telling pharaoh: Do whatever you like, we are returning to ALLAH.
ALLAH tolerated the rudeness of pharaoh for 55 years! For 25 years, Moses was brought up in pharaoh’s home in Egypt, after which he went to Madyan for 10 years. Then, the seven calamities that occurred in Egypt befell over the course of 20 years, after which pharaoh and his army were drowned. Pharaoh had 55 years to reflect and come back to his senses. Deep down, he knew that he was not god, but his arrogance prevented him from submitting to ALLAH.
Moses and the Israelites (People of Faith)
Moses crossed the desert with his people after ALLAH saved them from pharaoh and his army. There was no food, water, or fertile land available in the desert, but Moses trusted ALLAH and ALLAH fulfilled the trust of Moses over 40 years, feeding and giving drink to the Israelites (which were 400,000 in number) and shading them with a special cloud for over 40 years. Jesus fed 3000 people with 2 fish and 2 loaves of bread. While we do not deny this miracle, the miracle of feeding 400,000 people over 40 years is greater, and thus should also be appreciated by those who only mention the latter miracle.
After pharaoh and his army were destroyed, Moses and the Israelites passed through a village where they saw that an idol was being worshipped. They asked Moses, “Why don’t you create an idol like this for us to worship?” For this sin that the Israelites committed, they were lost in the Sinai desert for 40 years, so ALLAH would cleanse them of this sin and heal their sickness of taking gods other than ALLAH for worship. If they had been on the monotheistic religion of Islam, it would have taken them 2 weeks to cross the Sinai desert.
This is a good place to reflect on what happened to the Muslim children of Israel (Prophet Yaqub ‘alayhi salam) or the grandchildren of Prophet Ibrahim ‘alayhi salam. Glory be to ALLAH, when one family obeys Him, as in the case of Prophet Yaqub ‘alayhi salam and his son, Yusuf ‘alayhi salam, He makes them the rulers of the land. Yusuf ‘alayhi salam was made the ruler of Egypt. And when they disobey ALLAH, as in the case of the Israelites in Egypt, they are enslaved in the land. Therefore, the important lesson is that you are in control of the land by how much you obey the Owner of the land, ALLAH.
ALLAH gives honor to whom He wills and He disgraces whom He wills.
This is a warning for us Muslims: We are enslaved by our sins and we must turn to ALLAH and seek His forgiveness and follow His commands so that we succeed in this life and the hereafter.
Whenever we are faced with any calamity/distress/problem, from hearing the news of someone’s death to realizing that there is too much salt in the salad, we should say: Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi raaji’oon, meaning: “Truly, to ALLAH we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”
ALLAH says in surah baqarah, ayahs 155-157:
And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient,
Who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to ALLAH and indeed to Him we will return.”
Those are the ones upon whom are blessings from their Lord and mercy. And it is those who are the [rightly] guided.
All good or bad that will befall us is part of the ghayb. Many things are part of the unseen, but we know about them, such as angels and jinn. Ghayb is the unknown, not the unseen.
We Muslims believe in the ghayb. ALLAH says in surah baqarah, ayahs 2-3:
This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah
Who believe in the ghayb, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them
The six pillars of belief are:
1) Belief in ALLAH, besides Whom there is no other God
2) Belief in the angels
3) Belief in God’s revealed Books
4) Belief in the Prophets and Messengers of God
5) Belief in the Day of Judgement
6) Belief in al-Qadar (Divine Predestination—good and bad are all decreed by ALLAH)
No one knows the ghayb (unknown) besides ALLAH. Before ALLAH Created us, He Knew how we would behave. ALLAH is Al-‘Adl, the most Just. He gave every human and jinn free will, and has created a place in both Paradise and hell for each and every individual amongst jinn and man. In Surah at-Taghabun, surah 64, ayah 9, ALLAH says:
“(And remember) the Day when He will gather you (all) on the Day of Gathering, that will be the Day of Taghabun- mutual loss and gain (i.e. loss for the disbelievers as they will enter the Hell-fire and gain for the believers as they will enter Paradise). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds, He will remit from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein forever, that will be the great success.”
In this ayah, ALLAH calls the Day of Judgment the Day of Taghabun- which means the Day of mutual loss and gain. The following explanation illustrates why this name is given:
For person “X” there is a place in both hell and heaven. If he believes in ALLAH and acts upon the injunctions set by ALLAH, he will receive his place in paradise and his other place in hell will be taken by a dweller of hell, one who disbelieved in ALLAH in the world. Also, he may receive more in Jannah due to the gain from a disbeliever’s lost spot in Jannah because the latter chose to disbelieve in ALLAH in the world.
Therefore, ALLAH has created enough spots in heaven for all of jinn and man to dwell in, and enough spots in hell for all of jinn and man to dwell in. Now it is up to the individual to decide whether he/she wants to believe in ALLAH in this world or wants to disbelieve. Accordingly, he/she will be given the dwelling place on Yawm at Taghabun- the day of mutual loss and gain.
ALLAH makes it clear in the Qur’an that no one besides Him knows the ghayb, not even Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam. He says in surah al-a’raaf, ayahs 187-188:
They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, “Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly.” They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, “Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.
Say, “I hold not for myself [the power of] benefit or harm, except what Allah has willed. And if I knew the ghayb, I could have acquainted much khair, and no harm would have touched me. I am not except a warner and a bringer of good tidings to a people who believe.”
Calamities/hardships/problems may befall us and they may appear bad to us, but ALLAH has the true and complete knowledge of the ghayb (unknown). He is al-Hakeem, the Most Wise. When hardships befall us, it is either because ALLAH wants to elevate our status in the akhira (hereafter) or to expiate our sins. Thus, whatever happens to us is for our own good. This is why Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam would say the following when he would visit the sick:
“La ba’s, tahoor inshaa ALLAH” meaning, “No worry, it is a purification, if ALLAH wills.” [Bukhari]
Adam ‘alayhi salam and Iblis were punished for their disobedience to ALLAH. Iblis was arrogant and did not bow down to Adam ‘alayhi salam, while Adam ‘alayhi salam disobeyed ALLAH by eating from the fruit of the tree that was forbidden to him and his wife, Hawa ‘alayha salam. However, Adam ‘alayhi salam felt remorseful after disobeying ALLAH and repented to Him, while Iblis did not repent to ALLAH. Adam ‘alayhi salam’s repentance was accepted by ALLAH, for ALLAH loves it when His slaves repent to Him. Adam ‘alayhi salam’s expulsion from Jannah was to expiate for his sin. Similarly, ALLAH caused a whale to engulf Yunus ‘alayhi salam to expiate for his sin of hastily telling his people that a punishment was to befall them from ALLAH (while ALLAH had not ordained it) and then leaving them, feeling very remorseful. ALLAH relieved his hardship when he cried out to ALLAH from within the belly of the whale, “ Laa ilaha illa anta, subhaanaka inni kuntu minadh-dhaalimeen,” meaning, “There is no God but You, Glory be to You, Indeed I have been of the wrongdoers.” (Surah 21, ayahs 87-88)
On the other hand, ALLAH sent hardships to His messengers to elevate their status in the hereafter.
God Almighty tells us that Ayoub ‘alayhi salam was a wealthy man with a dozen children and God Almighty tested his servant by causing all his children to die, all his wealth to vanish, all the people around him to shun away from him and the harshest test of all was that his health was taken away causing him to become fully disabled.
While he was in that state the cursed Satan came to him saying, “All that has befallen on you is my doing. Deny your God and I shall cure you.” At that moment Ayoub ‘alayhi salam cried out “Oh my Lord! Satan is standing before me like an idol and I cannot move; some harm touched me.” The Merciful replied “Kick the ground and water shall gush forth, drink from it and take a shower, you shall regain your health and we have replaced his wealth and doubled the amount of children he had out of our mercy. Indeed he persevered with patience, and was a grateful servant of ours.” (Chapter 38 Verses 41-44; Chapter 21 Verses 83-84)
ALLAH also tested Ibrahim ‘alayhi salam with the hardship of being thrown into the fire to elevate his rank in the hereafter. Ibrahim ‘alayhi salam was patient and said, “Hasbiya Allahu wa ni’mal wakeel,” meaning, “Allah is sufficient for me and He is the Best Wakeel.” ALLAH caused the fire to be cool and peaceful for Ibrahim ‘alayhi salam.
ALLAH also tested Asiya (‘alayha salam)to elevate her rank in the hereafter. She was the pious wife of Fir’awn, who was a haughty transgressor. Not only did he disbelieve in ALLAH, but he also ordered people to worship him, claiming that he was the highest god. She supplicated to ALLAH, “My Lord, build for me near You a house in Paradise and save me from Pharoah and his deeds and save me from the wrongdoing people.” [Surah 66, ayah 11]
Finally, Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam was tested repeatedly in his life so that ALLAH would increase his rank in the hereafter. One of these tests was when ALLAH allowed the Quraysh to stand above the cave of Thawr, during the hijra. ALLAH made the heart of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam firm and caused him to tell Abu Bakr, who was fearful that the Quraysh might find them, that ALLAH was with them and they would be safe. ALLAH caused spider webs, pigeons, and tree branches to cover the entrance to the cave and as a result, the Quraysh left the cave, thinking no one could have entered it without removing the webs, pigeons, and tree branches.
From the above examples, we can understand that ALLAH tested his prophets the most. Mus’ad ibn Sa’eed reported: His father said, “O Messenger of Allah, which people are tested most severely?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “They are the prophets, then the next best, then the next best; a man is tried according to his religion; if he is firm in his religion, then his trials will be more severe; and if he is weak in religion, then he is tried according to his strength in religion; the servant will continue to be tried until he is left walking upon the earth without any sin.”
[Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Book of Asceticism, Number 2398, Sahih]
In another hadith, the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam mentioned that the prophets are most tested, and after them, the ahl-al-bayt, household of the Prophet. It is important to note that the reason why the ahl-al-bayt were tested was because of their religious commitment, not because of their blood relations to the Prophet.
To conclude, we must remember that nothing good/bad befalls us except by the permission of ALLAH, and ALLAH is al-Hakeem (Most Wise). He Knows what is best for us, while we do not. This is made clear by the following hadith:
Abu al-‘Abbas ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas, radiyallahu anhuma, reported: One day I was behind the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and he said to me:
"O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice] : Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried."
[Al-Tirmidhi relates this and says: It is a good, genuine Hadith]
In a version other than that of al-Tirmidhi it reads:
"..Be mindful of Allah, you will find Him before you. Get to know Allah in prosperity and He will know you in adversity. Know that what has passed you by was not going to befall you; and that what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and ease with hardship."
May ALLAH make us among those who are always pleased with Him in all states. Aameen.
We have no choice but to trust our Creator. After trusting Him, He decreed that every creature must act to fulfill the destiny made for them.
A mother has no strength to feed herself after giving birth. The virgin Mary (may God be pleased with her) after having given birth to Jesus (may God be pleased with him) was given the command by ALLAH to shake the palm tree (which requires the strength of ten strong men) and fresh ripe dates fell down. ALLAH says in the chapter/surah Maryam (Mary), verse 25: And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. She was told to eat, drink, and feel comfortable with her son. She had tawakkul-she relied on God, and made the effort as well by shaking the palm tree, and God helped her.
When Moses (may God be pleased with him) was leading the Israelites and reached the Red sea, and Firawn and his army could be seen approaching them from behind, his companions said, "Indeed, we are to be overtaken!" ALLAH says in chapter 26, verse 61: And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Moses said, "Indeed, we are to be overtaken!"
But Moses had strong tawakkul, and he said: (chapter 26, verse 62): [Moses] said, "No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me."
ALLAH tested the tawakkul of Moses, and guided him. ALLAH says in chapter 26, verse 63: "Then We inspired to Moses, "Strike with your staff the sea," and it parted, and each portion was like a great towering mountain."
Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam-may the peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) trusted ALLAH in the hijrah (migration from Makkah to Madinah) and also took all the precautions, such as the following:
1) He told his cousin, Ali ibn abi Talib (radiyallahu 'anhu-may Allah be pleased with him) to sleep in his bed so the Quraysh (who were waiting outside his house to kill him) would think that Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam is sleeping in his bed. Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam also instructed Ali (radiyallahu 'anhu) to return all the things the Makkans entrusted to him to their rightful owners.
2) He departed from Makkah, heading south, in the direction opposite to the direction that leads to Madinah (which is north) so the Quraysh would not catch up to them.
3) He asked a shepherd with his sheep to walk behind him and his companion, Abu Bakr (radiyallahu 'anhu), so that the sheep would erase the marks of their footsteps in the sand. This would prevent the Quraysh from following them.
When Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam and Abu Bakr (radiyallahu 'anhu) were sitting in the cave of Thawr, Allah allowed the Quraysh to stand above the cave. Abu Bakr (radiyallahu 'anhu) said, "If any one of them looks at his feet he will find us." The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam replied, "O Abu Bakr, how can you fear for two men whose constant companion is God Himself?" Allah caused a spider to weave its webs, pigeons to sit, and tree branches to grow at the opening of the cave after the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam and Abu Bakr (radiyallahu 'anhu) entered the cave. When the Quraysh saw the entrance blocked with the spider webs, pigeons, and tree branches, they were sure that no one could have entered the cave without disturbing all this, and thus left.
Hajar ('alayha salam) trusted ALLAH and exerted her utmost effort to find any caravan in sight by running to the tops of the hills of Safa and Marwah. She ran to the tops because it is easier to see farther from a high position. The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, "This is the source of the tradition of the sa'iy (the going) of people between them (i.e. as-Safa and al-Marwah). When she reached al-Marwah (for the last time) she heard a voice and she asked herself to be quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said, "O (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?' And behold! She saw an angel at the place of Zamzam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place. She started to make something like a basin around it, using her hands in this way and started filling her water-skin with water with her hands, and the water was flowing out after she had scooped some of it." The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam added, "May ALLAH bestow mercy on Isma'il's mother! Had she let the Zamzam (flow without trying to control it) (or had she not scooped from that water) (to fill her water-skin), Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth." Hajar 'alayha salam said "Zimm" meaning "Tighten/Constrict." The root of the verb is zamma. If she had not said this, Zamzam would have been a stream!
The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, "If you were to put your trust in ALLAH as you ought to, He would most certainly provide for you just as He provides for the birds. They leave early in the morning while they are hungry and return with food in their stomachs (and food in their mouths to feed their nestlings)." [Transmitted by Imam Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nisaa'i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, and Hakim. Tirmidhi classed it as saheeh (authentic)]
While having tawakkul, we must work. ALLAH says in the Qur'an in surah Tawbah, ayah 105: And say, "Do [as you will], for Allah will see your deeds, and [so, will] His Messenger and the believers. And you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you of what you used to do." If you succeed/fail, then that is what was written for you, but we must never stop making efforts to accomplish good deeds.
Nuh (Noah) 'alayhi salam was commanded by ALLAH to build the ark and board it...ALLAH took care of the rest. He caused the ark to land safely and protected the believers.
Musa (Moses) 'alayhi salam was commanded by ALLAH to hit the earth with his stick...ALLAH took care of the rest. He caused the sea to split and saved Moses and the Israelites from Firawn and his army.
Ayyub (Job) 'alayhi salam was commanded by ALLAH to kick the earth...ALLAH took care of the rest. He restored his health to him by causing him to bathe in the spring that He caused to flow.
All of them had to make an effort while trusting ALLAH.
The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, "If one of you does a thing, then let him do it in the best way." From this we learn that if one tries to do his best and fails, then in fact he/she has succeeded, because the main thing is to try and work in the best way. And when you continue to try, you will succeed, inshaa ALLAH. Our Wakeel is ALLAH, and He Knows what is best for us.
We are also taught to do good deeds or make efforts in all circumstances. We shouldn't worry about whether or not we will be able to complete it or not, but rather, we should not delay to perform good deeds with ihsaan (excellence).
Bahz narrated to us from Hammad (ibn Salamah) who narrated to him from Hishaam ibn Zayd who said that he heard Anas ibn Maalik (radhiya Allahu ‘Anhu) saying Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “If the hour (as-saa’ah, i.e. the day of judgment) is established upon you and in your hand is a plant, if you are able, do not stand until you have planted it into the ground.”
[Reported by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad via a Sahīh chain]
May ALLAH grant us firm reliance upon Him and the ability to do our best. Aameen.
Our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, "None of you will attain complete faith until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself." [Bukhari and Muslim]
In Matthew 36-40, we find: "Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?" Jesus replied: "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself. And the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments."
Miko Peled is a peace activist who dares to say in public what others still choose to deny. He has credibility, so when he debunks myths that Jews around the world hold with blind loyalty, people listen. Miko was born in Jerusalem in 1961 into a well known Zionist family. His grandfather, Dr. Avraham Katsnelson was a Zionist leader and signer on the Israeli Declaration of Independence. His father, Matti Peled was a young officer in the war of 1948 and a general in the war of 1967 when Israel conquered the West Bank, Gaza, Golan Heights and the Sinai.
He is the author of the book, "The General's Son."
Marriage or blood relations is the only way accepted by ALLAH, meaning there is no room for the girlfriend/boyfriend relationship. It is only through blood relations or marriage that the law of inheritance takes effect.
ALLAH says in surah nisaa, ayah 1:
“O mankind, have taqwa of your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And have taqwa of Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.”
Note: From one single soul, ALLAH created man and woman. Taqwa means the sharp awareness of Allah.
ALLAH says in surah al A’raaf, ayah 189:
“It is He who created you from one soul and created from it its mate that he might dwell in security with her. And when he covers her, she carries a light burden and continues therein. And when it becomes heavy, they both invoke Allah, their Lord, "If You should give us a good [child], we will surely be among the grateful."
Note: We learn from this ayah that husband and wife equal “us,” not “me” and “you.”
ALLAH says in surah baqarah, ayah 35:
And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."
Note: From this ayah, we learn that the relationship between the first two people to be created was marriage. ALLAH instructed Adam ‘alayhi salam to abide in the garden with his wife, not girlfriend.
ALLAH says in surah room, ayah 21:
And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.
Note: We learn from this ayah that marriage is a partnership based on 1) mawadda (affection) and 2) rahma (mercy).
Mawadda is from the woman and rahma is from the man. The following are the vast meanings of mawadda and rahma:
AFFECTION (Mawadda): liking, fondness, warmth, friendliness, care, attachment, soft spot, weakness, kindness, easiness, responsiveness, compassion, sociability, concern, gentleness, benevolence, goodwill
MERCY(Rahma): compassion, pity, forgiveness, kindness, sympathy, understanding, leniency, clemency, empathy, consideration, thoughtfulness, reflection, selflessness, concern, nervousness, fear, anxiety, apprehension, distress, unease, alarmed
ALLAH says in surah 25, ayah 54:
And it is He who has created from water a human being and made him [a relative by] lineage and marriage. And ever is your Lord competent [concerning creation].
Note: Law of inheritance is in effect either by birth or marriage. After marriage, more people will be added to the inheritance. Marriage is the melting of the two families into each other. This “melting into each other” starts at engagement. The families melt into each other because they fall into the law of inheritance.
ALLAH says in surah 28, ayahs 26-27:
One of the women said, "O my father, hire him. Indeed, the best one you can hire is the strong and the trustworthy."
He said, "Indeed, I wish to wed you one of these, my two daughters, on [the condition] that you serve me for eight years; but if you complete ten, it will be [as a favor] from you. And I do not wish to put you in difficulty. You will find me, if Allah wills, from among the righteous."
Note: The woman gives herself as a gift to the husband. The woman could choose her husband and her father could offer her hand in marriage and could choose her dowry. Note that the dowry is the woman’s, not the parents.’
Anas radiyallahu ‘anhu said, "Three people came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to ask about how the Prophet worshipped. When they were told, it was as if they thought it was little and said, 'Where are we in relation to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who has been forgiven his past and future wrong actions?'" He said, "One of them said, 'I will pray all of every night.' Another said, 'I will fast all the time and not break the fast.' The other said, "I will withdraw from women and never marry.' The Messenger of Allah came to them and said, 'Are you the ones who said such-and-such? By Allah, I am the one among you with the most fear and awareness of Allah, but I fast and break the fast, I pray and I sleep, and I marry women. Whoever disdains my sunna is not with me.'" [Agreed upon]
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “If a man comes to you and you accept his akhlaq (character, conduct) and religion, convince (not force) your daughter for marriage.”
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said: It is haram/forbidden for a man to propose to someone’s bride-to-be.
For the parents, it’s haram/forbidden to accept other proposals while their daughter is engaged.
WHAT TO DO IF THE MARRIAGE BECOMES ROCKY
ALLAH says in surah nisaa, ayahs 34-35:
Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband's] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.
Note: ALLAH says, “Men (not man, but men) are the maintainers of women.” This means that the father, brother, uncle, husband, son, father-in-law etc are responsible for the women.
ALLAH gave man a reason-based intellect. When marriage becomes rocky, ALLAH advised the man to gently bring the woman back to her senses, shun her emotionally, or to tap her on the shoulder/buttock. All of these measures are taken to prevent divorce. These measures encompass emotional amputation, that is, the man withholds emotion and temporarily amputates emotion to save the marriage.
And if you fear dissension between the two, send an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people. If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause it between them. Indeed, Allah is ever Knowing and Acquainted [with all things].
Note: ALLAH advised Muslims at large that when they sense a difference and quarreling between the married couple, the community should appoint a referee that the girl’s family accepts and feels safe with and a referee that the boy’s family accepts and feels safe with to counsel them and bring them back to the constitution of marriage. If all the above efforts (emotional amputation, tapping on the shoulder/buttock, counseling aid) don’t work, divorce occurs.
Feel free to improve this work. Jazaakum ALLAHU khairan.
ALLAH says in Surah Fussilat (Chapter 41, ayahs 33-35):
"And who is better in speech than he who [says: "My Lord is Allah (believes in His Oneness)," and then stands straight (acts upon His Order), and] invites (men) to Allah's (Islamic Monotheism), and does righteous deeds, and says: "I am one of the Muslims."
The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah ordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend.
But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral character)."
Our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said 1400 years ago: “The best of mankind are those with the most excellent character.” (Tabarani, Sahih). In the 20th century, the following words of wisdom were found on a wall in Mother Teresa's home for children in Calcutta, India. Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, "Hikmah (wisdom) is the lost commodity of a believer." (Tirmidhi). We hope you benefit insha ALLAH.
People are often unreasonable, illogical and self centered;
Forgive them anyway.
You see, if the final analysis it is between you and God;
It was never between you and them anyway.
The recipe to heal oneself. Read all the ayahs by yourself. In a container of fresh water, with your index finger in it, have your breath touch the water. Drink 3 sips of that water, then with the rest of the water you must wet your whole body from head to toe, including your hair and beard.
The evidence of the harmful effect of the eye (jealousy/evil eye) is ayah 51 in surah 68:"And indeed, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes when they hear the message, and they say, "Indeed, he is mad."
The Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam warned us that we can do harm to those whom we love, so we say "maa shaa ALLAH," "tabaarak ALLAH."
Symptoms of "the evil eye"/jealousy:
1) Feeling sleepy, lazy, a lot of burping, and teary eyed
2) Rejecting recitation or listening of the Qur'an
3) Breathing difficulty
4) Racing heartbeat
5) Chest pain and desperation
6) Wanting to cry
7) Having difficulty sleeping
8) Irritation/burning sensation in the skin
9) Loss of hair
10) Prefers to be by themselves
Symptoms of those who have been touched (jinn):
1) Laziness and fainting
2) Waking up very tired and fatigue
3) A feeling of someone following them without seeing anything
4) Hearing voices, talking to him without seeing anyone
5) Walking during their sleep without being aware of it
6) Pain in the joints
7) Trace of bruises on the hands and legs, unexplained.
8) Don't have the ability to perform the worship
9) Shunning away from marriage or from marriage life
10) Constant headache
11) Very furious
13) Always worrying and in panic
14) Lack of concentration and focus
Symptoms and effects of black magic (sihr):
1) Tightness in the chest, feeling shortness of breath
2) Racing heartbeat
3) Believing to have pain in the body, arm, and legs
4) Numbness in the arms and legs
5) Feeling heaviness and pressure in the back and legs
6) Believing not to be able to do the worship
7) Pain in the joints
8) Feeling pain in the stomach, colon, and swelling belly
9) Feeling miserable all the time
10) Feeling very frightful and scared
11) Burning sensation in the skin
12) Feels like being poked with needles, tip of a knife
Roqya according to Shar’iyyah
ALLAH says in surah Yunus, verse 57:
“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Quran, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing (shifaa) for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your chests, - a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers.”
The Qur’an is a shifaa (cure) for mankind.
If anyone feels discomfort that he/she is affected by jealousy, jinn, evil eye, or faces any psychological or emotional distress, then that person should heal himself or herself with the Qur’an.
You should make wudu (clean yourself) and fill a container with water, put your index finger (shahadah finger) into the water and recite the following aayaat while ensuring that your mouth is as close as possible to the water so you are blowing on the water while reciting. After reciting the aayaat, drink from the water and take a full bath with the rest of it (sponge bath is fine). After drinking the water, if you feel any sensation, hot or cold flashes, numbness, or discomfort, it means you have the virus, i.e. you have been affected and the treatment (roqya) must be continued. Repeat this recipe every day till you have none of the symptoms, i.e. you no longer feel the uncomfortable feeling(s). When you wash yourself with the water, you remove any evil eye on you and when you drink it, you remove any sihr, jinn, etc.
If you have been affected, you should continue the roqya and try your best to be in a state of wudu at all times and fast every day or every other day till you are cured. Food and drink are the means by which Shaitan comes to us. Shaitan used the fruit of the tree to tempt Adam alayhi salam. Sihr (magic, witchcraft) goes in to the body through water and food. Fasting shrinks the highways of Shaitan.
It is extremely vital to understand that you are the best person to do roqya for yourself. You do not need to go to any shaykh. Al-Bukhaari (6472) and Muslim (220) narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Seventy thousand of my ummah will enter Paradise without being brought to account; they are the ones who did not ask anyone to do ruqyah for them or believe in omens or use cautery and they put their trust in their Lord.”
Don’t worry about your recitation! You are the BEST person to do roqya on yourself.
We need not be afraid of Shaitan or jinn. Everything has been subjected to us for usage by us. ALLAH says in Surah 43, ayahs 9-14:
And indeed if you ask them, "Who has created the heavens and the earth?" They will surely say: "The All-Mighty, the All-Knower created them."
Who has made for you the earth like a bed, and has made for you roads therein, in order that you may find your way,
And Who sends down water (rain) from the sky in due measure. Then We revive a dead land therewith, and even so you will be brought forth (from the dead),
And Who has created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and cattle on which you ride,
In order that you may mount firmly on their backs, and then may remember the Favour of your Lord when you mount thereon, and say: "Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts)."
And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return!
Aaayaat to recite:
Surah Fatihah, Ayahs 1-7
Surah Baqarah, Ayahs 1-5
Surah Baqarah, ayah 102
Surah Baqarah, ayah 255
Surah Baqarah, ayah 285
Surah Aali Imraan, ayahs 18-19
Surah Al Araf, ayahs 117-122
Surah Yunus, ayahs 81-82
Surah Taha, ayahs 68-70
Surah Saaffaat, ayahs 2-10
Surah Al-Ahqaf, ayahs 29-32
Surah Hashr, ayahs 21-24
Surah Ikhlas (full)
Surah Falaq (full)
Surah Nas (full)
Note: If you need to pause in between reciting the ayahs, you do not need to start from the beginning again when you return and resume. You can start from where you left off and you do not need to recite all of them if you feel tired or unwell to do so. Recite as much as it is easy for you insha ALLAH.
Q) ALLAH mentions those who swallow their anger in the Qur’an and mentions that this is a trait of the muttaqoon. If you are angry, what should you do?
A) If someone feels angry, they should do istighfaar (say astaghfirullah) and say a’oodhubillahi minash-shaitaanir rajeem and that should calm them down. If not, sit down if you’re standing and lie down if you are sitting down.
Q) If someone shows you hatred and envy, what should you do?
A) Allah says in surah 25, ayah 63: “And the worshipers/servants of ar-Rahman are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace”
The one who replies to the ignorant in the same manner as that person is more ignorant!
Note: Whenever you do a bad deed, follow it with a good deed to delete the bad deed. ALLAH says, “And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds delete misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember.” Consider the following analogy: when we use white-out to fix mistakes, we no longer see the mistake, but only see the white-out mark. Similarly, when we do good deeds, they erase the bad deeds and what is visible is only the good deed. The good and bad deed are not equal. ALLAH instructs us to repel the bad deed with that which is better: “And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel the bad by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.”
Q) How can we help those sisters who don’t wear hijab?
A) The Prophet sallallahu ‘alahi wasallam said, "Iman has over seventy branches, the uppermost of which is the declaration: `None has the right to be worshipped but Allah'; and the least of which is the removal of harmful object from the road, and modesty(haya) is a branch of Iman.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] The ulama have said that hayaa is in the middle. So, one needs to complete about 34 stages before reaching this stage of haya! Allah says in surah mutaffifeen, ayah 14: “Not at all – but rather their earnings have heaped rust upon their hearts.” Thus, the heart needs to be polished to cleanse away the rust that has accumulated on it. So we must address our sisters by telling them that ALLAH loves us all, so let us also love him. Then, we instruct them on how to polish the heart: pray your fard prayers and observe nawafil fasts. This will only benefit us. ALLAH’s ahkaam (rulings) are for our sanity, physical, and psychological being. ALLAH is free from needs and our worship or good deeds will not benefit Him, but will only benefit us.
Q) Can we eat gelatin-coated antibiotic medicine?
A) ALLAH says in surah nahl, ayah 66: “And verily! In the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, pure milk; palatable to the drinkers.” ALLAH extracted milk from the blood and excretions! Blood and excretions (manure) are haram to eat, but milk is halal! By qiyaas (comparison), we say that gelatin coated antibiotics, anesthetics, alcohol for cleaning wounds, alcohol in perfume and nail polish remover, are all halal because of the purpose for which they are being used. However, if one drinks nail polish remover to intoxicate themselves, then that is haram. Note: the word khamr (intoxicant) is derived from “khimaar,” meaning covering. So the intoxicant covers our intellectual ability to reason, and thus we see that the drunken individuals harm others by abusing them because the human being behaves like an animal, due to the covering on his/her intelligence from the intoxicants.
May ALLAH reward Brother Ali for his time and for sharing this knowledge with us. Aameen.
Allah says in surah aali imraan, ayahs 96-97:
“Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah - blessed and a guidance for the worlds.
In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves - then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.”
Allah says in surah saff, ayahs 5-9:
“And [mention, O Muhammad], when Moses said to his people, "O my people, why do you harm me while you certainly know that I am the messenger of Allah to you?" And when they deviated, Allah caused their hearts to deviate. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.
And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, "O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad." But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, "This is obvious magic."
And who is more unjust than one who invents about Allah untruth while he is being invited to Islam. And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.
They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it.
It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it.”
Since the ka’bah was built, non believers tried to put the deen of Allah down wrongly and they used every method by accusing the prophets of ALLAH. Nuh alayhi salam called his people to Islam for over 900 years and they mocked and abused him. Ibrahim alayhi salam was thrown into the fire by his people. Musa alayhi salam was called a terrorist when he was still in his mother’s womb! The year when the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was born, the disbelievers came to destroy the ka’bah! However, ALLAH protected His House. ALLAH says in surah fil (the elephant), ayah 1:
“Have you not considered, [O Muhammad], how your Lord dealt with the companions of the elephant?”
In our present time, if the disbelievers make fun of my hijab, of the topi (cap), of the shalwar, of the abayah, of the beard, etc, or they try to burn the Qur’an or make movies against Muslims or our beloved Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, then we must not respond by jumping around and creating commotion and killing innocent people, but rather, we must do as ALLAH instructs us in surah aali imraan, ayah 186:
“You will surely be tested in your possessions and in yourselves. And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with Allah much abuse. But if you are patient and have taqwa (sharp awareness) of Allah - indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination.”
Subhaan ALLAH! We are told by ALLAH that we will hear hurtful things from the disbelievers but the prescription ALLAH gives is to remain patient and have taqwa of ALLAH!
Please share this knowledge with your family and friends.
Please pray for Brother Ali who imparted this beautiful knowledge to us.
May ALLAH help us to act upon what we have learned. Aameen.
Most of us who don't pray or don't abide by the laws of Allah are angry with Allah. Allah orders us to come in total submission and respect His territory in Hajj and in exchange, He forgives our sins. We, having been disobedient, return to Allah in Hajj, proclaiming, "Labbaik Allahumma labbaik" "O ALLAH, here I am, please accept me." Part of the humbleness we are urged to show is that the animals we can eat all our life become haraam to hurt. We thus, show respect to the animals. We can't pluck a single leaf from a tree that feeds the animal, which feeds us. We show our respect by kissing the stone (hajar al aswad). Ibrahim (alayhi salaam) literally stoned the physical Shaitan in three different places. We throw pebbles on the same spots in Hajj, but the hikmah (wisdom) is that I am stoning nafs ammaarah, my cheating, lying, bad habits, sins, etc. Allahu Akbar! ----May Allah reward Brother Ali of Madresatul Banaat, who shared this knowledge with us. Aameen.
RAMADAN: A BLESSING AND A MADRASAH (SCHOOL)
ALHAMDULILLAH, Allah subhaanahu wa ta'aala blessed us with this Madrasah, the month of Ramadan! Its pillar is that we abstain from two things which are necessary for life:
As soon as human beings accomplish this step, this school demands of us to abstain from all disliked acts of hearing, sight, speech, and thought; thus abstaining from hearing foul language, seeing indecent acts, and thinking of or uttering harmful thoughts/words. This should further encourage us to say that which is good or remain silent (as stated in a hadith).
The following are references from the Qur'an with regards to fasting:
[Zakariya (Zachariah)] said: "My Lord! Appoint for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect." (Surah Maryam-Verse 10)
Please visit this website: http://www.scribd.com/doc/25539351/1000-Questions-on-Islam-Jamal-Badawi to read the E-book, "1000 Questions on Islam" by Dr. Elmasry.
As Muslims we must learn Arabic to understand the message of the Qur'an and its Miracle.
Allah subhaanahu wa ta'aala says in the Qur'an:
“Verily we have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’ân in order that you may understand” [Soorah Yusuf: 2]
“And thus We have inspired unto you (O Muhammad) an Arabic Qur’ân that you may warn the mother of the towns (Makkah) and all around it” [Soorah ash-Shura: 7]
“And truly this (the Qur’ân) is a revelation from the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists), which the trustworthy Ruh (Jibreel) has brought down upon your heart (O Muhammad) that you may be (one) of the warners, in the plain Arabic language” [Soorah ash-Shura: 192-195]
Please examine the following websites:
FREE ISLAMIC BOOKS AND MORE!
I also recommend the following websites for free Islamic books:
www.islamhouse.com/s/9661 (CHOOSE YOUR NATIVE LANGUAGE TO READ BOOKS AND TRANSLATIONS OF THE QUR'AN)
As Muslims we must learn Arabic to understand the message of the Qur'an and its Miracle.
Allah subhaanahu wa ta'aala says in the Qur'an:
“Verily we have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’ân in order that you may understand” [Soorah Yusuf: 2]
“And thus We have inspired unto you (O Muhammad) an Arabic Qur’ân that you may warn the mother of the towns (Makkah) and all around it” [Soorah ash-Shura: 7]
“And truly this (the Qur’ân) is a revelation from the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists), which the trustworthy Ruh (Jibreel) has brought down upon your heart (O Muhammad) that you may be (one) of the warners, in the plain Arabic language” [Soorah ash-Shura: 192-195]
Please examine the following websites:
FREE ISLAMIC BOOKS AND MORE!
I also recommend the following websites for free Islamic books:
www.islamhouse.com/s/9661 (CHOOSE YOUR NATIVE LANGUAGE TO READ BOOKS AND TRANSLATIONS OF THE QUR'AN)